Civil-military relations -- Andes Region., Democracy -- Andes Region., Globalization -- Andes Region., Political culture -- Andes Region., Armed Forces -- Political activity., Civil-military relations., Democracy., Economic history., Globalization., International relations -- Latin America., Political culture., POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Process -- Political Advocacy., Politics and government, and Politics and Government.
The Andean region has been, and continues to be, at the center of a struggle over embracing economic globalization and market democracies or eschewing such models for various nationalist/socialist strategies of development and politics. The regions militaries have not been outside of this struggle, with factions in Venezuela or Ecuador working to frustrate the establishment and/or maintenance of neoliberal regimes, while militaries in Colombia, Peru, and to an extent in Bolivia, playing crucial roles in weakening or eliminating substantive challenges to capitalist globalization. William Aviles explores this variation in military power, identifying how neoliberal economic and political elites and international actors such as the United States have sought to marginalize "radical populists" while seeking the subordination of militaries to the decision-making of neoliberal elites within Andean states.
Democracy -- Colombia. and Civil-military relations -- Colombia.
"Through the lens of global capitalism theory, William Aviles examines democratization and civil-military relations in Colombia to explain how social and international forces led to the ostensibly contradictory outcome of democratic and economic reform coinciding with political repression. Focusing on the administrations in power from 1990 to the present, Aviles argues that the reduction in the institutional powers of the military within the state reflected changes in the structure of the global economy, the emergence of globalizing technocrats and politicians, and shifts in U.S. foreign policy strategies toward "democracy promotion.""--Jacket.