The sages of Acre maintained strong ties with R. Solomon ben Abraham Adret (Rashba), who lived in Barcelona – on the Mediterranean shore, but thousands of kilometers from Acre. This close relationship has been known for centuries, from the printed collections of Adretʼs responsa. The full – and impressive – extent of these ties, encompassing more than eighty responsa in diverse fields, however, can be seen only from the collections of his responsa that remain in manuscript form. Two of the queriers from Acre are known to us by name: R. Elijah and R. Joseph di Saintes, but nothing else is known about them. We do not even know the names of the other sages from Acre who directed queries to Adret. All we can say is that they sent their questions to him before 1291, when Acre was destroyed and its Jewish community ceased to exist. The responsa between the sages of Acre and Rashba provide a wealth of information regarding both the Acre Jewish community in the second half of the thirteenth Century and the personality of Rashba, who devoted great efforts to answer the questions posed by the members of the most important Jewish community in the Land of Israel at the time. Of even greater importance is the intriguing cultural phenomenon that emerges from the responsa discussed in the current article, that of two Torah scholars, distinctly not of equal standing, who reside thousands of kilometers apart, but who nevertheless study Yevamot together, one of the most difficult tractates in the Babylonian Talmud. This phenomenon teaches about the needs of the querier, who dwelled in the Land of Israel and was separated from the important European Torah centers, and of the thoughts and feelings of Rashba, who lived at the end of the West, but whose heart was in the East. כולל רשימת התשובות שהשיב הרשב"א לר' יוסף דשאנטיש, על פי כתב יד קיימברידג' ספריית האוניברסיטה ADD. 500 לשלושה כתבי יד נוספים.
Jews -- Spain, Judaism -- Relations -- Christianity, Christianity and other religions -- Judaism, and Jews -- Spain -- Lerida
A responsum by Rabbi Solomon ben Adret of Barcelona mentions a "learned Christian" who, between 1284-1310, conducted a polemic with the Jewish community of Lerida on the coming of the Messiah and the caducity of Judaism. States that the Christian polemicist must have been Arnau de Vilanova, author of "Adversus Judaeos" literature, who repeatedly wrote and lectured on these issues (e.g. "Philosophia catholica et divina") and who was in Lerida in 1303.
Messiah -- Judaism -- Philosophy, Jews -- Spain, Judaism -- Relations -- Christianity, and Christianity and other religions -- Judaism
Including the Hebrew text of the disputation and its Spanish translation. Discusses a responsum of Rabbi Solomon ibn Adret to the community of Lerida, in the second half of the 13th century, at the time of a campaign of sermons given in synagogues by mendicant friars in the kingdom of Aragón, which the Jews were forced to attend. Ibn Adret's work, in the form of a dialogue showing how a Jew should respond to Christian missionaries, echoes a disputation with, very probably, Raymond Martini on the coming of the Messiah. Includes the original Hebrew text and a Spanish translation.