GOVERNMENT business enterprises, MANUFACTURING processes, SOCIALISM -- China -- History, CHINA, and HISTORY of government business enterprises
The article explores Chinese socialism and the history of state-owned enterprises (SOE) in China particularly steel manufacturer Anshan Iron & Steel Works. Topics discussed include the reliance of SOE in the Chinese region of Manchuria on machines and manufacturing knowledge imparted by the Soviet Union in the 1950s, the contribution of SOE in Maoist China to the Chinese socialist political economy, and the link between Chinese SOE and state bureaucracy.
Third World Quarterly. Sep2018, Vol. 39 Issue 9, p1711-1726. 16p. 3 Charts.
China -- Politics & government, Socialism -- China, Capitalism -- China, Solidarity, Chinese investments, South America -- Foreign relations, and United States -- Foreign economic relations
China's engagement with global capitalism is driven by the emergence of a statist and private transnational capitalist class. Nevertheless, aspects of China's foreign policy from the Maoist period still echo today. Consequently, elements of third world solidarity and opposition to Western domination continue to exist as China's past is redefined to further its transnational strategies in Latin America and the US. The main Chinese investments in South America have been in energy and infrastructure among the left lead countries of the Pink Tide. In the US, Chinese capital has grown despite heated political rhetoric. This paper will examine how economic ties in South and North America reflect past and present conditions, and if China has initiated a non-Western globalisation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Cold War History. Aug2018, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p257-274. 18p.
SOCIALISM, MODERNITY, CHINA, HUNGARY -- Social conditions, and MAGYAR (Hungary)
This paper reconstructs the ways in which the Hungarian People's Army Performing Arts Ensemble arranged its repertoire to perform socialist Hungary in the autumn of 1956, during the Ensemble's tour in the People's Republic of China. The paper performs a close reading of a single archival document, the program of the Ensemble's début performance before non-European socialist audiences that took place in Shenyang on September 21, 1956. The repertoire featured a simple chronological, quasi-historical overview of musical and dance traditions from Hungary. It offered a vague, highly stylized set of references to Hungary's military traditions. It attempted to realize the triple formula of a new, 'modern, Magyar, European,' art form, and foregrounded a plebian ('peasant-') progressive-patriotic theme with hints of ethnic nationalism. The program provided the absolute minimum of the standard Stalinist fare, resolutely avoided any reference to the USSR or Russia, and, most fascinating, closed with a self-ironical dance piece featuring a powerful allegorical story of socialism with a 'Hungarian face,' something that represented a resolute break with the Stalinist aesthetic canon and reinforced the group's political commitment to a socialism that is 'modern, Magyar and European.' [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Mathematical models of decision making, Socialism -- China, Rule of law, Fuzzy sets, and Civilization -- Chinese influences
It is a complex system, which has extensive content, to build socialistic political civilization. Socialistic political civilization includes lots of aspects, such as political consciousness civilization, political system civilization, political behavior civilization and civilization of the rule of law. Comrade Jian Zemin points out, the rule of law belongs to the category of political construction; it is one of the content of political civilization. During the new historical era of building the well-to-do society in an all-round way, to strengthen the rule of law and to build the socialist country running by law is not only the important content and symbol of socialistic political civilization, but also the necessary insurance and way to build it. In this paper, we study on the multiple attribute decision making problems to evaluate the efficiency of socialism with Chinese characteristics by the rule of law with triangular fuzzy information. Then, we have developed the triangular fuzzy Hamacher correlated geometric (TFHCG) operator. We have exploited the TFHCG operator to multiple attribute decision making to evaluate the efficiency of socialism with Chinese characteristics by the rule of law with triangular fuzzy information. In the end, an example to evaluate the efficiency of socialism with Chinese characteristics by the rule of law with triangular fuzzy information has been proposed to prove the effectiveness of the proposed approach. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. Mar2018, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p72-86. 15p.
RURAL population, SOCIALISM, CULTURE, EVERYDAY life, and MANNERS & customs
From the mid-twentieth century, the evolving tension between modernity and tradition has become a troublesome issue for the newly-established independent nation-states in Asia. With the ethnographic methodology of field study, this article retraces the drama practice in 1960s’ rural China and tries to reveal the practical formation and specifically, the operative mechanism with which the socialist new culture remolds and summons the subjectivity of People. In such practical process, the subjectivity of People is a key concept of socialist values and a leading principle of people’s everyday life in rural China, which contributes to the formation of a “new tradition” in practice. The “new tradition” has a profound influence on the pathway of the Chinese socialist development, and may also provide necessary reference to other Asian states. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
SOCIALISM, HISTORY, ECONOMIC policy, GREAT powers (International relations), CHINA, TIANANMEN Square Massacre, China, 1989, and CHINA -- Foreign relations -- 1976-
When external eyes turned to China 30 years ago (if they did at all), the focus was still on the extent to which it might be breaking away from its socialist economic past. And though we did not know it at the time, intra-elite debates over how far (and to where) reforms should go would eventually play some part in shaping what happened in Tiananmen Square in 1989; events that would place China on the verge of international isolation. This paper traces the evolution from isolation to a position where some in China now think it is now second only to the USA in the ranking of world powers. It will focus on how scholarship on China in the journal has changed over the years, but also on some of the constants and recurring questions and issues that have inspired research over the years. In addition, notwithstanding a very real and very large shift in China's global power capabilities, it will suggest that asking if China matters, or more correctly, how China matters in different issue areas, remains a very useful intellectual exercise today. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]