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Cross-Sectional Studies, Humans, Prevalence, Saudi Arabia epidemiology, Surveys and Questionnaires, Burnout, Professional epidemiology, Internship and Residency, and Radiology education
Rationale and Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of burnout and its associated risk factors in radiology residents in Saudi Arabia.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2019, and all radiology residents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, were invited to complete a survey that contained a validated measure of burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey) alongside possible predictors of burnout.
Results: A total of 108 responses were received, for a response rate of 49.7%. High overall burnout was reported by 24.1% of respondents, high emotional exhaustion (EE) by 56.5%, high depersonalization by 31.5%, and low sense of personal accomplishment (PA) by 64.8%. The significant predictors of burnout included satisfaction with work/life balance (OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.03 to 0.43, p = 0.002) and exercising (OR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.1 to 1, p = 0.07). Married residents were more prone to have a low sense of PA in addition to dissatisfied residents with hospital staff appreciation (OR = 4.8, 95% CI = 1.48 to 15.5, p = 0.01) and (OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.37 to 0.94, p = 0.03), respectively.
Conclusion: One-fourth of the radiology residents studied showed high rates of burnout, and more than half the residents reported high rates of EE. The residents scored very poorly in the sense of PA. The radiology residents who were satisfied with their work/life balance had lower burnout rates, in addition to lower EE and a higher sense of PA.
(Copyright © 2019 The Association of University Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.)
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