Modern Language Review. Jan2006, Vol. 101 Issue 1, p151-166. 16p.
REALISM, SENTIMENTALISM in literature, UNIVERSALS (Philosophy), MIND & body, JUSTIFICATION (Ethics), SHORT story (Literary form), and PROSE literature
This article focuses on realism and sentimentalism in the life of famous author Marie Von Ebner-Eschenbach. According to one of her critics, it was "uniquely female split of artistic consciousness," which dominated her life as a writer. Ebner internalized the demands made on her by her family and her social network and so struggled throughout her life to reconcile her writing career with what she regarded as her domestic and social commitments. However, Ebner's feelings of obligation to let such domestic commitments come first were intensified by the fact that for a woman, still less for an aristocratic woman, writing was not a respectable activity. Ebner's husband, Moriz von Ebner-Eschenbach and other members of her family actively disapproved of her writing and publishing. As justification for this, she claimed that she cannot avoid writing. It is stylized as a vocation. Ebner spent more than a decade struggling to write drama. In her forties, Ebner turned instead seriously to prose fiction. She wrote three novels and a large number of short stories, which drew on her experience of the Austrian society.