American literature--African American authors--History and criticism, African Americans--Sexual behavior--History--20th century, Racism in literature, Sex in literature, Sex role in literature, African American intellectuals--Biography, African Americans--Intellectual life--20th century, African Americans--Race identity, Racism--United States--History--20th century, and Masculinity--United States--History--20th century
2007 Lambda Literary Award Finalist, LGBT StudiesRichard Wright. Ralph Ellison. James Baldwin. Literary and cultural critic Robert Reid-Pharr asserts that these and other post-World War II intellectuals announced the very themes of race, gender, and sexuality with which so many contemporary critics are now engaged. While at its most elemental Once You Go Black is an homage to these thinkers, it is at the same time a reconsideration of black Americans as agents, and not simply products, of history. Reid-Pharr contends that our current notions of black American identity are not inevitable, nor have they simply been forced onto the black community. Instead, he argues, black American intellectuals have actively chosen the identity schemes that seem to us so natural today.Turning first to the late and relatively obscure novels of Wright, Ellison, and Baldwin, Reid-Pharr suggests that each of these authors rejects the idea of the black as innocent. Instead they insisted upon the responsibility of all citizens—even the most oppressed—within modern society. Reid-Pharr then examines a number of responses to this presumed erosion of black innocence, paying particular attention to articulations of black masculinity by Huey Newton, one of the two founders of the Black Panther Party, and Melvin Van Peebles, director of the classic film Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song.Shuttling between queer theory, intellectual history, literary close readings, and autobiography, Once You Go Black is an impassioned, eloquent, and elegant call to bring the language of choice into the study of black American literature and culture. At the same time, it represents a hard-headed rejection of the presumed inevitability of what Reid-Pharr names racial desire in the production of either culture or cultural studies.
Taboo in literature, Miscegenation in literature, Sex in literature, Race in literature, Race relations in literature, Racism in literature, American literature--History and criticism, African Americans in literature, and Psychoanalysis and literature--United States
American fiction--History and criticism, Whites in literature, White supremacy movements--United States--History, Human skin color in literature, Heterosexuality in literature, African Americans in literature, Racism in literature, White in literature, Race in literature, and Sex in literature
In The Color of Sex Mason Stokes offers new ways of thinking about whiteness by exploring its surprisingly ambivalent partnership with heterosexuality. Stokes examines a wide range of white-supremacist American texts written and produced between 1852 and 1915—literary romances, dime novels, religious and scientific tracts, film—and exposes whiteness as a tangled network of racial and sexual desire. Stokes locates these white-supremacist texts amid the anti-racist efforts of African American writers and activists, deepening our understanding of both American and African American literary and cultural history.The Color of Sex reveals what happens when race and sexuality meet, when white desire encounters its own ambivalence. As Stokes argues, whiteness and heterosexuality exist in anxious relation to one another. Mutually invested in “the normal,” they support each other in their desperate insistence on the cultural logic of exclusion. At the same time, however, they threaten one another in their attempt to create and sustain a white future, since reproducing whiteness necessarily involves the risk of contaminationCharting the curious movements of this “white heterosexuality,” The Color of Sex inaugurates a new moment in our ongoing attempt to understand the frenzied interplay of race and sexuality in America. As such, it will appeal to scholars interested in race theory, sexuality studies, and American history, culture, and literature.
Death in literature, Sex in literature, Racism in literature, Violence in literature, Latin American literature -- 20th century -- Themes, motives, Latin American literature -- 20th century -- History and criticism, Latin American literature -- 21st century -- Themes, motives, Latin American literature -- 21st century -- History and criticism, Death in literature, Latin American literature, Racism in literature, Sex in literature, Violence in literature, Macht, Literatur, and Aufsatzsammlung
Geschichte, Sex in literature, Social classes in literature, Women in literature, Racism in literature, Literature and society -- History -- 19th century -- United States, Literature and society -- History -- 19th century -- England, and Rezeption