Akagi T, Higashi A, Tsugami H, Sakamoto H, Masuda Y, and Hishikawa Y
Physics In Medicine And Biology [Phys Med Biol] 2003 Nov 21; Vol. 48 (22), pp. N301-12.
Models, Theoretical, Monte Carlo Method, Proton Therapy, and Radiotherapy, High-Energy instrumentation
At the Hyogo Ion Beam Medical Center (HIBMC) we have developed a new design method for the bar ridge filter used in proton therapy, taking into consideration the scattering and nuclear interaction effects within the filter itself, which are introduced in the design. In our beam delivery system, the bar ridge filter is employed as the range modulator. It is combined with the wobbler system, and produces a three-dimensionally uniform spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP). The design program predicts the three-dimensional dose distribution. Ridge filters of 3-12 cm SOBP in 1 cm increments were designed in the maximum radiation field for 150 MeV and 190 MeV proton beams so that a uniform physical dose area is obtained in the SOBP region three-dimensionally. Measurements were performed with the constructed ridge filters to verify the uniformity and these were compared with the predictions of the design program. The predictions and measurements were found to be in agreement except for the 12 cm SOBP. The uniformities were better than +/- 3.0% for all SOBPs produced. The ridge filters are now clinically in use.