In this study, the adhesion properties between aluminum and composite materials, composite materials, and composite materials were compared according to the physical surface treatment to improve mechanical bonding at the bonding surface when considering carbon fiber and glass fiber-reinforced composite materials. Bonded specimens were classified into the type of base material and the surface treatment method of the bonding surface. Sandpaper, sandblasting, and plasma were applied as physical surface treatment methods. The bonded specimen was prepared as a single lap joint test specimen. An experiment to measure the lap shear strength was conducted, and the results were compared. The experimental results confirmed that the mechanical abrasion and sandblasting treatment improved the lap shear strength approximately 4 to 5 fold compared to the general specimen without physical surface treatment. In plasma treatment, the experiment was conducted by defining the respective plasma output and treatment time as follows: 150 W and 5 minutes, 150 W and 10 minutes, and 300 W and 3 minutes. Moreover, the lap shear strength results were similar to the previous mechanical surface treatments. On the other hand, the effect on the adhesion properties was small, depending on the plasma treatment conditions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
To improve the interfacial properties in carbon fiber (CF)-reinforced unsaturated polyester (UP) composites, we directly introduced functionalized carbon nanotubes dispersed in the fiber sizing onto the fiber surface. For comparing the influence of polymer type on sizing effect, two different polymers (UP MR13006 and water-soluble epoxy (EP)) were used to prepare sizing agent. Morphology and surface energy of CFs were examined by scanning electron microscopy and dynamic contact angle analysis test. Tensile strength was investigated in accordance with ASTM standards. Mechanical properties of the composites were investigated by interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) and impact toughness. Test results indicate that TS, ILSS, and impact toughness were enhanced simultaneously. For UP matrix, the sizing agent containing UP has better reinforcing and toughening effect than the sizing agent containing water-soluble EP. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Materials (1996-1944). Mar2017, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p286. 17p. 1 Black and White Photograph, 1 Diagram, 6 Charts, 8 Graphs.
SILANE coupling agents, COUPLING agents (Chemistry), SILANE compounds, MECHANICAL properties of metals, and SURFACE preparation
The surfaces of poplar wood fibers were modified using high-temperature hot air (HTHA) treatment and silane coupling agent. The single factor test was then used to investigate the performances (e.g., the change of functional groups, polarity, cellulose crystallinity, and thermal stability) of modified poplar wood fibers (mPWF) through Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and thermo-gravimetric analysis for the subsequent preparation of wood-plastic composites (WPCs). The effect of HTHA treatment conditions--such as temperature, inlet air velocity, and feed rate--on the performances of WPCs was also investigated by scanning electron microscopy and dynamic mechanical analysis. The main findings indicated that HTHA treatment could promote the hydration of mPWF and improve the mechanical properties of WPCs. Treatment temperature strongly affected the mechanical properties and moisture adsorption characteristics of the prepared composites. With the increase of treated temperature and feed rate, the number of hydroxyl groups, holocellulose content, and the pH of mPWF decreased. The degree of crystallinity and thermal stability and the storage modulus of the prepared composites of mPWF increased. However, dimensional stability and water absorption of WPCs significantly reduced. The best mechanical properties enhancement was observed with treatment temperature at 220 °C. This study demonstrated the feasibility for the application of an HTHA treatment in the WPC production industry. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]