Latin American Music Review. Fall/Winter2013, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p162-195. 34p.
AUTHORITARIANISM, MUSIC education, and NATIONALISM
In Brazil, from 1932 to 1945, Heitor Villa-Lobos participated in the authoritarian regime of Getúlio Vargas as music educator and what could be construed as an indoctrinator of the regime's ideologies. Villa-Lobos implemented a program of music education in schools that sought to promote discipline among children while socializing them and educating them about aspects of the ethnic and socio-cultural formation of Brazilian people. Although Villa-Lobos had sketched his program of music education with ostensibly purely educational intentions, Vargas appropriated Villa-Lobos's program and used it as a tool to homogenize the government's nationalistic ideologies among children. This article demonstrates that, despite Villa-Lobos's original educational intentions, he increasingly aligned his program with the government's nationalistic ideologies and consciously instilled these ideologies in the minds of children, becoming, in essence, an indoctrinator of the regime. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]