The book summarizes a decade of field work in the Pottery Neolithic sites of Naḥal Zehora I and Naḥal Zehora II (1987–1998). Through their rich array of finds, the two sites offer a comprehensive look at the different Pottery Neolithic cultural entities. Building on detailed descriptions of the sites and finds, the three-volume work contemplates socio-economic issues and offers a general view of the PN in the late prehistoric sequence of the southern Levant. The major role played by the Pottery Neolithic period in establishing and institutionalizing village communities and rural landscapes in the area is discussed and the culmination of related processes is seen as a ‘Second Neolithic Revolution'. Prof. Avi Gopher of the Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Cultures of Tel Aviv University has excavated mainly Neolithic sites and studied their finds, mainly lithics. In recent years his Neolithic studies have focused on plant domestication in the Levant. In the last decade he has also co-directed the Qesem Cave Project – a Middle Pleistocene, Lower Paleolithic site in central Israel, not far from Tel Aviv.
Neolithic period--Great Britain, Tools, Prehistoric--Great Britain, and Stone implements--Great Britain
Lithic artefacts were an intrinsic part of Neolithic life both in terms of everyday practical use and in ritual/symbolic mode. Archaeologists and prehistorians studying the Neolithic period recognise this, and accordingly, strive to maximise relevant data recovery and subsequently exploit the available data to the full. Fulfilling these ambitions requires specialist input, which not only comes from lithic analysts themselves, but also draws on a wide range of expertise from across archaeology and other disciplines and practices. The papers in this volume demonstrate some of the diverse approaches and applications, both direct and theoretical, which are contributing towards our ultimate goal of allowing increased understanding of stone tools to reveal more about Neolithic life.
NEOLITHIC Period, BRONZE Age, WORLD records, CARROTS, RADIOCARBON dating, and TURKEYS
Sedimentological and paleoclimatological data from a fluvial infill retrieved from a series of cores taken across Kureyşler Valley, Kütahya, western Turkey, are compared alongside evidence for an almost unbroken record of human occupation in the area since Neolithic times. Recent salvage excavations in the valley exposed settlement remains from the Early Bronze Age and Late Byzantine periods with interfingering of archaeological and geological materials in the valley-fill, adding a wealth of information to the archaeological record in this region. Our geological data, constrained by seven radiocarbon dates from the sediment infill demonstrate that the earliest sediments were deposited during the Late Glacial (∼13.8 ka) under a cold and relatively dry climatic conditions with evidence of amelioration and increase in arboreal taxa from the Neolithic onwards. The occurrence of Cerealia-T and Apiaceae pollen is significant as an important indicator for anthropisation already present during the Epipaleolithic period (before 9 ka cal. BP). Also, the effects of 8.2 ka climatic event are clearly visible in our multi-proxy results. The onset of the Early Bronze Age settlements in the vicinity ∼ ca. 5.2 ka BP occurred alongside a climatic switch to warmer conditions recorded by a lithological change and a positive shift in isotopic data. The 4.2 ka event, present in records related to several Early Bronze Age (EBA) sites of Anatolia is also recorded in the Kureyşler Valley both in the pollen and δ18O records. In general, these results show that climate shifts occurred at the beginning and end of the EBA, as well as during the Neolithic and Chalcolithic and are to be compared with new archaeological data. • Deposition started just before YD (∼13.8 ka BP) in W Anatolian fluvial valleys. • Epipaleolithic has a pulse of Cereals as a sign of anthropisation between 11.7 and 10.5 ka. • EBA settlements appeared just after a warm pulse at 5.2 ka BP. • 4.2 ka event is characterized by overall cooling, shrinkage of arboreal cover and reduction of primary production. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
EXTINCT cities, NEOLITHIC Period, ARCHAEOLOGICAL excavations, TRADE routes, CHINESE antiquities, CERAMICS, CHINA, and CHINESE jades -- To 221 B.C.
The article discusses the Neolithic city of Shimao, located adjacent to China's Great Wall, estimated to date roughly 4300 years ago. Excavation of the site is led by Zhouyong Sun of the Shaanxi Academy of Archaeology. The site has become the origin of an abundance of jade objects, monumental stone structures of two and three stories, goods from long-distance trade routes, and fine ceramics.
Shvedov, Vyacheslav G., Stelmah, Elena V., Solovchenkov, Sergei A., and Golub, Andrew B.
Былые годы. Российский исторический журнал. 2015 (35):14-21
NEOLITHIC period, Amur, geographical position, natural conditions, natural resources, Aboriginal people, and the type of farming
This publication addresses the issue of the formation of an autochthonous reclamation region around the Amur River basin in the Late Neolithic period. In writing this article, the author employed materials from field research and issue-related publications by a number of major researchers in the area of the geography and archeology of the south of Russia's Far East. Based on an analysis of the geographic position and natural conditions of the area under examination, the author provides a comprehensive characterization of the significance of natural resources in the economic life of the local population. This has made it possible to identify within the boundaries of the Amur River basin reclamation areas whose formation was associated with a particular economic specialization grounded in fishing as a prevalent economic activity. The author has conducted an internal territorial differentiation of the reclamation region and singled out four areas each of which had its special characteristics based on the type of activity pursued by the aborigine communities. The author draws a conclusion about a high economic effectiveness of the Amur reclamation region, which is based on thorough adaptation to local physical/geographic conditions of the environment, which is attested to by quite a lengthy period of its existence.