History & Memory. Spring/Summer2020, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p5-8. 4p.
COLLECTIVE memory, HISTORY, and MUNICH (Germany)
The article discusses reports within the issue about the role of various memory practices in urban space, how and why Munich, Germany as a birthplace of Nazism was able to avoid publicly acknowledging its role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power, and the history of museum creation in Krakow, Poland.
INFANT mortality, ECONOMIC development, FAMILIES, INCOME distribution, MUNICH (Germany) -- History, HISTORY, and SOCIAL history
Abstract: During most of the nineteenth century, Bavaria was notorious for infant mortality rates that were among the highest in Europe. After 1870, infant mortality in Bavaria began a sustained decline. This decline, which was impressive in urban areas, was even more dramatic in Bavaria's capital, Munich. From a peak of 40 deaths per 100 births in the 1860s, infant mortality had fallen two‐thirds by 1914. This article examines the causes of infant mortality in rural and urban districts of Bavaria from 1880 to 1910 and in Munich from 1825 up to shortly before the First World War. In rural Bavaria, structural change in agriculture lowered infant mortality, even as stark differences in infant survival driven by income gaps and deficient infant care remained. In urban areas, high fertility was strongly associated with high infant mortality. Individual‐level data from Munich reveal that infant care, fertility, and incomes mattered. Even prior to industrialization, occupational status influenced infant survival. Munich's growth into a leading industrial centre after 1875 apparently widened the gap between rich and poor. Families at the top of the occupational distribution and couples able to acquire real property saw the steepest declines in infant mortality. The poorest one‐third without property saw little improvement. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
It is hard to believe, looking down on Munich from the top of St Peter's, the city's oldest parish church, that the city spread-eagled below lay in ruins in 1945 at the end of the Second World War. Having clambered up the 297 steps to the top of the church tower, one is struck just as much by the historic landmarks — be it the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) or the neo-gothic splendour of the Neues Rathaus (New Town Hall) — as by the Mediterranean-style terracotta tiles and the closeness of the Alps to the south. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Schiller, Kay., Young, Christopher, 1967-, and Schiller, Kay.
Olympic Games (20th : 1972 : Munich, Germany) -- History., Terrorism -- Germany -- Munich., and Athletes -- Violence against -- Germany -- Munich.
The 1972 Munich Olympics were intended to showcase the New Germany and replace lingering memories of the Third Reich. In this cultural and political history of the Munich Olympics, the authors set these games into both the context of 1972 and the history of the modern Olympiad.
Literature & History; Autumn2013, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p36-52, 17p
LITERATURE & history, CRISES in literature, MUNICH (Germany) -- History, and TWENTIETH century
The upheaval, moral self-questioning and uncertainty into which the Munich negotiations and settlement of September 1938 threw the British nation are examined in a series of now almost totally forgotten works which constitute the genre of the 'Munich Crisis novel'. These are then related to better known post-Munich writings by, among others, Forster, Woolf, Orwell, MacNeice and Patrick Hamilton. A range of reactions to the crisis - pro- and anti-appeasement, pacifism, anxiety over air bombardment, paralysis, dilemma - thus emerge as components of what Forster analysed as 'the 1939 State', and which this article substantiates in greater detail. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Radio Free Europe -- History., Radio Liberty (Munich, Germany) -- History., Radio Liberty (Prague, Czech Republic) -- History., International broadcasting -- Europe, Eastern -- History., Radio in propaganda -- History., and Cold War.
"Among America's most unusual and successful weapons during the Cold War were Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. Disseminating information and stimulating political unrest behind the Iron Curtain, they played a vital role in bringing about the fall of communism." "Broadcasting Freedom draws on rare archival material and offers a penetrating inside history of the radios that helped change the face of Europe. Arch Puddington reveals new information about the connections between RFE-RL and the CIA, which provided covert funding for the stations during the critical start-up years in the early 1950s. He relates in detail the efforts of Soviet and Eastern Bloc officials to thwart the stations; their tactics ranged from jamming attempts, assassinations of radio journalists, the infiltration of spies onto the radios' staffs, and the bombing of the radios' headquarters." "Puddington addresses the controversies that engulfed the stations throughout the Cold War, most notably RFE broadcasts during the Hungarian Revolution that were described as inflammatory and irresponsible. He shows how RFE prevented the Communist authorities from establishing a monopoly on the dissemination of information in Poland and describes the crucial roles played by the stations as the Berlin Wall came down and the Soviet Union broke apart."--Jacket.
Oxford Art Journal; Jun2011, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p179-201, 23p, 6 Black and White Photographs
MUNICH (Germany) -- History, CITIES & towns -- Germany -- History, ART -- Germany, ARCHITECTURE -- Germany, BERLIN (Germany) -- History, and NATIONAL museums
Throughout the second half of the nineteenth century, Munich’s fame was centred about its reputation as a Kunststadt or art city. Second only to Paris in terms of the education, practice and marketing of art, Munich presented itself as a Gesamtkunstwerk or total work of art, touting its Renaissance, Baroque, and Neoclassical urban fabric as undisturbed by the intrusion of factories that had begun to alter the physiognomy of Europe’s largest cities. Art and architecture thus played crucial roles in defining Munich’s civic identity, especially with regard to its position as the capital of Bavaria. Upon the unification of Germany in 1871, however, Berlin began to challenge Munich’s Kunststadt status, eventually surpassing it. This essay examines the basis of Munich’s identity and the Bavarian–Prussian tensions that underscored its competition with Berlin, using three buildings as exemplars of this problematic relationship: the Bavarian National Museum of 1900, the Schack-Galerie of 1909, and the House of German Art of 1937. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
HISTORY periodicals, CAREER development, AMERICAN historians, SOVIET Union -- Foreign relations, FOREIGN relations of the United States, MUNICH (Germany) -- History, HISTORIOGRAPHY, DIPLOMATIC history, HISTORY, and TWENTIETH century
The article presents the author's view on her career with the journal "Diplomatic History" as of April 2017. Topics include the job market in early 1970s, the founding of the journal that coincided with numerous social, economic, and political upheavals, and her experience of conducting an overview of studies on the historiography in the Soviet Union's role in the 1938 Munich crisis. Also discussed are her experience of working with David F. Trask and her career as an analyst in the American intelligence community.