Harvard Business Review. Autumn1943, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p19. 10p.
Stove industry, Industrial concentration, Industrial mobilization, Industrial productivity, Production planning, Factors of production, Business conditions, Production (Economic theory), Management, Economic conditions in the United States -- 1918-1945, World War II -- Economic aspects, and Manufacturing industries -- United States
The article discusses civilian production concentration in the U.S. stove industry. At the outbreak of World War II, a concentration of civilian production arose from shortages of raw materials and labor and from the need for conservation of transportation facilities, fuel, and power. The heating and cooking stove industry has demonstrated that with sufficient safeguards, civilian production concentration is both desirable and realistic in wartime. Among these safeguards are the assurance of adequate raw materials to enable the producers to operate at maximum permitted rates and sufficient control over the distribution and sale of the finished products. Experts say postwar concentration and production in the U.S. is uncertain.
Columbia Journal of World Business. Mar/Apr70, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p43. 10p.
Free enterprise, Economic development, Societies, and Social groups
The article presents information on ineffectiveness of private enterprises in transitional societies. Both the benefits and the difficulties of private economic development in Asian and African countries result in large measure from the social and cultural characteristics of societies in transition. It is, therefore, important to comprehend those sociocultural features that dominate and distinguish these societies. The more differentiated a society becomes and the more the interests of its members diverge, the more diffuse is the individual's identification with social groups and the greater his scope for and stimulation toward individuality. As a result, egoistic drives to satisfy the interests of the individual and those of the organizations and social groups closest to him become increasingly powerful. It is only fair to note that a parallel set of factors inhibits the effectiveness of the government's efforts to stimulate and assist more productive activity by the private sector.
International Executive. Spring67, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p11-13. 3p.
International relations and World politics
This article summarizes the findings of a study by Theodore Geiger on the views of prominent Europeans in business, government and other fields on issues related to international relations. Geiger found a marked change from the attitudes dominant in the immediate post-World War II period. Until the early 1960's, there was substantial agreement among the nations of Western Europe and North America regarding the interdependent objectives of European union and Atlantic partnership. It was generally assumed that an economically strengthened and politically unified Europe would actively participate with the U.S. in maintaining world peace and fostering world progress. While these views remain dominant among the older generation of leaders who still hold substantial power. Geiger found two divergent patterns.