In Rationalities in History the distinguished historian David d'Avray writes a new comparative history in the spirit of Max Weber. In a strikingly original reassessment of seminal Weberian ideas, d'Avray applies value rationality to the comparative history of religion and the philosophy of law. Integrating theories of rational choice, anthropological reflections on relativism, and the recent philosophy of rationality with Weber's conceptual framework, d'Avray seeks to disengage'rationalisation'from its enduring association with Western'modernity'. This mode of analysis is contextualised through the examples of Buddhism, Imperial China and sixteenth-century Catholicism - in the latter case building upon unpublished archival research. This ambitious synthesis of social theory and comparative history will engage social scientists and historians from advanced undergraduate level upwards, stimulating interdisciplinary discourse, and making a significant contribution to the methodology of history. D'Avray explores the potential of this new Weberian analysis further in his companion volume, Medieval Religious Rationalities.
Sociology, Church history--Middle Ages, 600-1500, Rationalism--Philosophy, and Values
Inspired by the social theories of Max Weber, David d'Avray asks in what senses medieval religion was rational and, in doing so, proposes a new approach to the study of the medieval past. Applying ideas developed in his companion volume on Rationalities in History, he explores how values, instrumental calculation, legal formality and substantive rationality interact and the ways in which medieval beliefs were strengthened by their mutual connections, by experience, and by mental images. He sheds new light on key themes and figures in medieval religion ranging from conversion, miracles and the ideas of Bernard of Clairvaux to Trinitarianism, papal government and Francis of Assisi's charismatic authority. This book shows how values and instrumental calculation affect each other in practice and demonstrates the ways in which the application of social theory can be used to generate fresh empirical research as well as new interpretative insights.
D'Avray, D. L., author. and D'Avray, D. L., author.
Marriages of royalty and nobility -- Europe -- History., Marriage -- Europe -- Religious aspects -- History., Marriage -- Political aspects -- Europe -- History., Church and state -- Europe -- History., Papacy -- History., and Canon law -- Social aspects -- Europe -- History.
"This analysis of royal marriage cases across seven centuries explains how and how far popes controlled royal entry into and exits from their marriages. In the period between c. 860 and 1600, the personal lives of kings became the business of the papacy. D'Avray explores the rationale for papal involvement in royal marriages and uses them to analyse the structure of church-state relations. The marital problems of the Carolingian Lothar II, of English kings--John, Henry III, and Henry VIII--and other monarchs, especially Spanish and French, up to Henri IV of France and La Reine Margot, have their place in this exploration of how canon law came to constrain pragmatic political manoeuvring within a system increasingly rationalised from the mid-thirteenth century on. Using documents presented in the author's Dissolving Royal Marriages, the argument brings out hidden connections between legal formality, annulments, and dispensations, at the highest social level"--
Marriages of royalty and nobility -- History -- Sources., Royal houses -- Europe -- History -- Sources., Divorce -- Europe -- History -- Sources., Divorce., Kings and rulers., Marriages of royalty and nobility., Political science., Royal houses., König., Ehescheidung., Quelle., and History.
Examines royal marriages in crisis, where the papacy became involved. Each chapter includes a brief introduction, a brief historiographical section, and the translation(s) of various documents associated with the royal marriage in crisis.
Cognition, Philosophie analytique, Analytical Philosophy, Philosophie, Philosophy, Logique philosophique. Philosophie du Langage, and Philosophical logics. Philosophy of language
This article demonstrates that arguments which historians use can be expressed in terms of formal logic to revealing effect. It is widely taken for granted and sometimes explicitly stated that historical inference is not susceptible of being formalized, at least not in a way that might add something to historians' understanding of the logic of their reasoning from evidence. The two model derivations in formal logic included here show otherwise. Each is a representation in propositional logic of an historical argument relating to the evidence of medieval marriage law, annulment processes and papal dispensations. The way in which the conclusion is derived from the premises in each case permits the formal logical validity of inferences made to be traced and checked. The paper aims to make the logic underlying much historical argumentation more transparent. A supplementary aim is to show that this kind of historical reasoning is compatible with Bayesian logic.
Marriage customs and rites, Medieval., Marriage customs and rites -- Europe -- History -- To 1500., and History.
"This study shows how marriage symbolism emerged from the world of texts to become a social force affecting ordinary people. It covers the whole medieval period but identifies the decades around 1200 as decisive. New arguments for regarding preaching as a mass medium from the thirteenth century are presented, building on the author's Medieval Marriage Sermons." "The book is based on a wide range of manuscript sources: sermons, canon law commentaries, Apostolic Penitentiary registers, papal bulls, a gaol delivery roll, and pastoral handbooks. The collection of documents at the end of the book expands the source base for the history of medieval marriage generally as well as underpinning the thesis about symbolism."--Jacket.
Catholic Church -- Sermons., Catholic Church -- Sermons -- History and criticism., Sermons, Medieval -- Europe., Marriage -- Europe -- Sermons., Marriage -- Europe -- History -- To 1500., Sermons, Medieval -- Europe -- History and criticism., Marriage -- Europe -- Sermons -- History and criticism., Sermons, Latin., Sermons, Latin -- History and criticism., Sermons, Medieval., Sermons, Medieval -- History and criticism., Criticism, interpretation, etc., History., and Sermons.
"Before the advent of printing, the preaching of the friars was the mass medium of the middle ages. This edition of marriage sermons reveals what a number of influential preachers actually taught about marriage. David d'Avray teases out the close connection between marriage symbolism and social, cultural, and legal realities in the thirteenth century. The relation between genre, content, and gender is analysed with particular attention to the likely impact of preaching, viewed as a means of intellectual power in competition with vernacular genres and other social forces. Its mass diffusion anticipated printing, but the means of production were those of the monastic scriptorium." "Professor d'Avray's textual criticism and palaeographical analysis of these sermons undermines central assumptions of both medieval and early modern historians of the book. He establishes a technique of textual criticism appropriate for texts of this kind: a pragmatic compromise between simple transcriptions which ignore stemmatic relations and full-scale editions attempting to fit all manuscripts into a genealogical table." "Medieval Marriage Sermons makes an important contribution both to the sermon literature of the period, and to our understanding of marriage and its religious and cultural significance in the middle ages."--Jacket.