Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Literature and the war, Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Social aspects--United States, Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Veterans--United States--Biography, Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Personal narratives, Memory--Social aspects--United States, Collective memory--United States, Vietnam War, 1961-1975--United States--Psychological aspects, and Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Influence
In the decades since the Vietnam War, veteran memoirs have influenced Americans'understanding of the conflict. Yet few historians or literary scholars have scrutinized how the genre has shaped the nation's collective memory of the war and its aftermath. Instead, veterans'accounts are mined for colorful quotes and then dropped from public discourse; are accepted as factual sources with little attention to how memory, no matter how authentic, can diverge from events; or are not contextualized in terms of the race, gender, or class of the narrators. Veteran Narratives and the Collective Memory of the Vietnam War is a landmark study of the cultural heritage of the war in Vietnam as presented through the experience of its American participants. Crossing disciplinary borders in ways rarely attempted by historians, John A. Wood unearths truths embedded in the memoirists'treatments of combat, the Vietnamese people, race relations in the United States military, male-female relationships in the war zone, and veterans'postwar troubles. He also examines the publishing industry's influence on collective memory, discussing, for example, the tendency of publishers and reviewers to privilege memoirs critical of the war. Veteran Narratives is a significant and original addition to the literature on Vietnam veterans and the conflict as a whole.
Collective memory--Europe, National characteristics, European, and International economic integration--Social aspects--Europe
Is it possible to create a collective European identity? In this volume, leading scholars assess the link between collective identity construction in Europe and the multiple memory discourses that intervene in this construction process. The authors believe that the exposure of national collective memories to an enlarging communicative space within Europe affects the ways in which national memories are framed. Through this perspective, several case studies of East and West European memory discourses are presented. The first part of the volume elaborates how collective memory can be identified in the new Europe. The second part presents case studies on national memories and related collective identities in respect of European integration and its extension to the East. This timely work is the first to investigate collective identity construction on a pan-European scale and will be of interest to academics and postgraduate students of political sociology and European studies.
Human rights advocacy -- Israel, Non-governmental organizations -- Political activity, Non-governmental organizations -- Finance, Antisemitism -- Europe, Group identity -- Israel, Collective memory -- Israel, and European Union
Group identity, Identity (Psychology), Memory, and Collective memory
An argument that individuals and collectives form memories by analogous processes and a case study of collective retrograde amnesia.We form individual memories by a process known as consolidation: the conversion of immediate and fleeting bits of information into a stable and accessible representation of facts and events. These memories provide a version of the past that helps us navigate the present and is critical to individual identity. In this book, Thomas Anastasio, Kristen Ann Ehrenberger, Patrick Watson, and Wenyi Zhang propose that social groups form collective memories by analogous processes. Using facts and insights from neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, and history, they describe a single process of consolidation with analogous—not merely comparable—manifestations on any level, whether brain, family, or society. They propose a three-in-one model of memory consolidation, composed of a buffer, a relator, and a generalizer, all within the consolidating entity, that can explain memory consolidation phenomena on individual and collective levels.When consolidation is disrupted by traumatic injury to a brain structure known as the hippocampus, memories in the process of being consolidated are lost. In individuals, this is known as retrograde amnesia. The authors hypothesize a'social hippocampus'and argue that disruption at the collective level can result in collective retrograde amnesia. They offer the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966–1976) as an example of trauma to the social hippocampus and present evidence for the loss of recent collective memory in mainland Chinese populations that experienced the Cultural Revolution.
Blake, Vic, Hearn, Jeff, Jackson, David, Barber, Randy, Johnson, Richard, Luczynski, Zbyszek, and Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap
Working with older people. 22(2):93-100
Social Sciences, Samhällsvetenskap, Other Social Sciences, Gender Studies, Annan samhällsvetenskap, Genusstudier, Writer, gender, oleder people, masculinities, memory work, men, and Genusvetenskap
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the process of participating in a long-term collective memory work group of older men, focusing on the making/unmaking of older men and masculinities, and the potential of memory work with older men.Design/methodology/approach: Participant review and reflection on collective memory work with a group of older men.Findings: Collective memory work provides a novel way to explore ageing, gendering, men, and masculinities. Its potential for working with older men is examined critically in relation to gender politics, power and (in)equalities, interconnections and contradictions of men’s ageing and gendering, the personal and the political, as well as working with older men more generally, including those in transition and crisis.Originality/value: There is little previous writing on this approach to ageing, men, and masculinities. The paper aims to stimulate wider applications of this approach.
Recent experiments with rotational diffusion of a probe in a vibrated granular media revealed a rich scenario, ranging from the dilute gas to the dense liquid with cage effects and an unexpected superdiffusive behavior at large times. Here we setup a simulation that reproduces quantitatively the experimental observations and allows us to investigate the properties of the host granular medium, a task not feasible in the experiment. We discover a persistent collective rotational mode which emerges at high density and low granular temperature: a macroscopic fraction of the medium slowly rotates, randomly switching direction after very long times. Such a rotational mode of the host medium is the origin of probe's superdiffusion. Collective motion is accompanied by a kind of dynamical heterogeneity at intermediate times (in the cage stage) followed by a strong reduction of fluctuations at late times, when superdiffusion sets in. Comment: 10 pages, 10 figures, merged letter and supplementary information, in press on Physical Review Letters
OCASIO, WILLIAM, MAUSKAPF, MICHAEL, and STEELE, CHRISTOPHER W. J.
Academy of Management Review. Oct2016, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p676-699. 24p. 1 Diagram, 2 Charts.
ORGANIZATION, LOGIC, PHILOSOPHY, COLLECTIVE memory, SOCIAL institutions, SOCIAL aspects, and HISTORY -- Social aspects
We examine the role of history in organization studies by theorizing how collectivememory shapes societal institutions and the logics that govern them. We propose that, rather than transhistorical ideal types, societal logics are historically constituted cultural structures generated through the collectivememory of historical events. Wethen develop a theoretical model to explain howthe representation, storage, and retrieval of collectivememory lead to the emergence of societal logics. In turn, societal logics shape memory making and the reproduction and reconstruction of history itself. To illustrate our theory, we discuss the rise of the corporate logic in the United States. We identify two sources of discontinuity that can disrupt this memory-making process and create notable disjunctures in the evolution of societal logics. We conclude by discussing how changes in collective memory and the historical trajectory of societal logics shape organizational forms and practices. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Academy of Management Review. Oct2016, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p658-675. 18p.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP, LEADERSHIP, SOCIAL aspects, COLLECTIVE memory, INTERGENERATIONAL relations, and HISTORIOGRAPHY
We draw on the historiographical concepts of "generational units" and "collective memories" as a framework for understanding the emergence of entrepreneurially oriented cohesive groups within regions. Generational units are localized subgroups within generations that have a self-referential, reflexive quality by virtue of the members' sense of their own connections to each other and the events that define them. Collective memories are shared accounts of the past shaped by historical events that mold individuals' perceptions. The two concepts provide a valuable point of departure for incorporating historical concepts into the study of entrepreneurial dynamics and offer a framework for understanding how entrepreneurs' historically situated experiences affect them. Our framework breaks new theoretical ground in several ways. First, we synthesize disparate bodies of literature on generational units, collective memory, and organizational imprinting. Second, we specify mechanisms through which imprinting occurs and persists over time. We develop analytical arguments framed by sociological and historiographical theories, focusing on the conditions under which meaningful generational units of entrepreneurs may emerge and benefit from leadership and legacy building, technologies of memory, and institutional support that increases the likelihood of their persistence. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
This article explores the use of biographies in qualitative research about collective memory. It is argued that commemorative ceremonies, as well as changes appearing in macro-level structures within the time-span of individuals’ life histories need to be included when analyzing biographies in collective memory studies. The article suggests enhancement of the biographical case reconstruction method (Rosenthal 1993; 2004) with two additional stages: analysis of the experienced past with more emphasis on socio-historical transformations; and inclusion and analysis of the ethnographical data collected from collective mnemonic practices. By providing empirical data from the research conducted with political exiles in Germany, these analytical steps of the method of socio-historical analysis are demonstrated in detail.
crowdsourcing, collective memory management, evaluation methodology, personal and social impact, Archaeology, and CC1-960
Collective memory is vital for people as it gives them the sense of belonging to a community. In particular, refugee population groups feel the need to maintain contact with their routes through collective memory, due to the abolishment of the physical connection to their homeland. However, people’s memories fade over time and stories are lost. In such a context a crucial question arises: Is it feasible to design and create a crowdsourcing collective memory management system for the benefit of such social groups preserving memory for next generations? In this work, we present a system that is able to collect and manage refugee stories disseminating them to the public. In order to stress the strength of the proposed system, we have created an evaluation methodology that assesses such a system in terms of system services and system stakeholders’ real impact. We chose to deal with the collective memory of refugee groups coming from Asia Minor to Greece at the end of the first quarter of the twentieth century. Evaluation results reveal that such a system positively affects personal and social impact factors. Furthermore, a preliminary results analysis suggests specific interactions among the examined personal and social impact factors. We believe that the proposed system facilitates the needs of collective memory management and the assessment scheme could be adapted in the creation and evaluation of collective memory management systems.
Spivack, Stephen, Philibotte, Sara Jordan, Spilka, Nathaniel Hugo, Passman, Ian Joseph, and Wallisch, Pascal
PLoS ONE. 2/6/2019, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p1-14. 14p.
POPULAR music, COLLECTIVE memory, RECOGNITION (Psychology), MILLENNIUM (Eschatology), and POPULARITY
How well do we remember popular music? To investigate how hit songs are recognized over time, we randomly selected number-one Billboard singles from the last 76 years and presented them to a large sample of mostly millennial participants. In response to hearing each song, participants were prompted to indicate whether they recognized it. Plotting the recognition proportion for each song as a function of the year during which it reached peak popularity resulted in three distinct phases in collective memory. The first phase is characterized by a steep linear drop-off in recognition for the music from this millennium; the second phase consists of a stable plateau during the 1960s to the 1990s; and the third phase, a further but more gradual drop-off during the 1940s and 1950s. More than half of recognition variability can be accounted for by self-selected exposure to each song as measured by its play count on Spotify. We conclude that collective memory for popular music is different from that of other historical phenomena. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
집단기억, 랜드마크(LANDMARK), 건축물, collective memory, landmark, building, and 장식 및 의장
It can be considered as a modern cultural landscape of the city. But if such cultural landscapes may not let people think of urban features or 'past' in urban space, they may let people feel unfamiliar. From this, it can be seen that the building is a landmark of the city and contains the specific memories of the city. However, as the memory itself remains a trace of time and space, the rapidly changing modern city is the place of human collective memory. In this situation, the city's landmark building is a tool of collective memory and can realize the memory of different individuals in collective memory. The purpose of the paper is to provide the theoretical support to related design cases by studying how memory elements of modern city are embodied in city 's landmark buildings by analyzing components of collective memory. The study analyzes landmark architecture from the viewpoint of collective memory and explores how landmark architecture contains the regional characteristics of urban development. First of all, via the literature survey, concepts and components of collective memory and landmark architecture are introduced. Then summarize them. Next, via on-site surveys, actual surveys on selected cases are conducted and analyze cases with regional history, culture, sustainability, and structure of collective memory are analyzed. The collective memory is to obtain a form that is expressed specifically in the landmark architecture.