Contemporary Review. May, 1994, Vol. 264 Issue 1540, p255, 4 p.
Cemeteries -- Recording, Epitaphs, and Tombs
British cemeteries in Indian towns and cities provide relevant information concerning the various men and women who have significantly contributed to the advancement of learning and education in India. British graves and obelisks can be found throughout India, including the Holy Trinity Church and St. Marks Cathedral in Bangalore, St. Francis Church in Couchin, St. Mary's Church in Fort St. George and the Kallarai Lane Cemetery in Madurai. Among the graves of famous people found in these cemeteries include those of Vasco de Gama, Jane Alice Russel, Sir Thomas Munro and James Kennedy McAlistair.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL human remains, MEDIEVAL hospitals, CEMETERY recording, CEMETERIES, INTERMENT, HOLY Spirit, DEATH rate, and POLAND
The goal of the study is to analyse and evaluate a complete mortality of individuals buried in the cemetery at the hospital and the church of Holy Spirit in Lublin. The main question is whether and to what extent the results of research into the subject will reflect the physical condition and the low social status of individuals from the Holy Spirit hospital-poorhouse. The comparison includes burials of Lublin burghers, church dignitaries and religious brothers and sisters of the Cathedral and Pobrygidkowski Church. This study discusses such issues as the share of children, juveniles and adults, the sex ratio, distribution of age and sex of adult and the average life span for men and women. The differences in the cumulative distributions of age frequency (dx) for the compared cemeteries were assessed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. To evaluate the differences in average life span of adults the Student's t-test was used after verification of the equality of variance by using the F-Snedecor test. The cemetery at the hospital and the church of Holy Spirit clearly stands out among comparable sites, not only in the way of burying the dead. The study of individuals buried in the Holy Spirit cemetery showed: the largest share of children and juveniles, as well as small percentage of individuals over the age of 50 years, which resulted from a low average life span for both men and women (significant differences). The comparison of the cumulative relative numbers (dx) from the interval of 10-15 year shows this percentage to be the highest and remain so up to the last interval, i.e. 60 years and more (significant differences for group 15-20 years - compared with the Cathedral and the 30-40 years - compared with the Pobrygidkowski Church). A poor physical condition, clearly related with low social status, is indicated by a variety of illnesses, injuries and malformations which were recorded in a large number of the skeletal remains, i.e. more than 70% of individuals. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
GREEK mythology, CEMETERY recording, DIFFERENTIATION (Sociology), COLONIZATION, and SOCIAL status
This article explores how the patterns of development within the local populations prior to Greek colonization, or even Greek contact, can elucidate the process of Greek colonization. Focusing upon the Thracian Early Iron Age cemetery of Kastri on Thasos, it suggests that past interpretations of such cemeteries as undifferentiated is due to the imposition of modern ideas of value. This article instead uses the criterion of diversity to suggest that the cemetery in fact has clear patterns of social differentiation in the first and last periods of use. Furthermore imports are restricted to graves of highest diversity in the last period of use (the early seventh century BC). This pattern is repeated over Early Iron Age Thrace, and is indicative of a social change within Thrace prior to Greek colonization which saw nascent Thracian elites seeking out imports from many areas in order to bolster their status. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
SURVIVAL analysis (Biometry), CEMETERY recording, LIFE expectancy, and PUBLIC health
We perform a survival analysis on the records of the burials at the Westbury Cemetery, Barbados, between 1877 and 1976. The goal of the paper is to observe the stratified life expectancies of persons of particular time appropriate occupations. Comparing different occupations through time, amongst each other and to the general population, enables us to get some insights into the public health situations and living conditions of the persons working in the respective occupations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
MATHEMATICAL optimization, ALGORITHMS, PROBABILITY theory, OPERATIONS research, HEURISTIC, MANAGEMENT science, GENEALOGY, METHODOLOGY, and CEMETERY recording
A solution method is given for a class of practical optimization problems requiring the determination of a consistent partial ordering for sets of objects, events, preferences, and the like. These problems are characterized by the existence of "noisy" (or contradictory) links of varying strengths. The origin of this class of problems is an anthropological study in which it is desired to specify a global chronological ordering of ancient cemetery data. A mathematical formulation is given which results in a minimum weight feedback model. A heuristic is developed similar to the Greedy algorithm for minimum weight spanning trees which requires only one pass through the network. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]