INTELLECT, PERSONALITY, and INDIVIDUAL differences
The two most prominent individual differences researchers of the twentieth century were Hans J. Eysenck and Raymond B. Cattell. Both were giants of scientific psychology, each publishing scores of books and hundreds of empirical peer-reviewed journal articles. Influenced by Hebb's distinction between physiological (Intelligence A) and experiential (Intelligence B), Eysenck focused on discovering the underlying biological substrata of intelligence. Analogously, Cattell proposed the Gf–Gc theory which distinguishes between fluid and crystallised intelligence. Cattell's Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT), a measure primarily of fluid intelligence, was constructed specifically to minimise differences in test bias in IQ scores between different ethnic/racial groups. Within the personality realm, Eysenck adopted a pragmatic three-factor model as measured via the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-R) and its variants. In contrast, Cattell employed a lexical approach that resulted in a large number of primary and secondary normal and abnormal personality trait dimensions, measured via the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), and the corresponding Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (CAQ), respectively. Recent molecular genetics findings provide empirical confirmation of Eysenck and Cattell's positions on the biological underpinnings of personality and ability traits, allowing an improved understanding of the causes of individual differences. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
British Journal of Psychology. Apr2009, Vol. 100 Issue 1a, p253-257. 5p.
PSYCHOLOGISTS, PERSONALITY, EMOTIONS (Psychology), and PSYCHOLOGY
The article presents the author's comments regarding psychologist Raymond Cattell's contribution on personality structure and measurement. The author refers to Cattell's two articles in 1946 that had the same goal: outlining a broad program of research into the structure and measurement of personality. In one of the articles, Cattell tried to integrate the study of dynamic, temperamental, and ability traits into one framework.
PERSONALITY & motivation, PERSONALITY assessment, PERSONALITY tests, and CLINICAL psychology
The article presents a critical review of the definitive taxonomy of human personality and motivation, and the technology of its measurement, as described in the book "Personality and Motivation: Structure and Measurement," by Raymond B. Cattell. In his book, Cattell advocates that the clinicians have to break with a gadget-centered practice and acquire a structured-measurement, integrative view of diagnosis, which can be achieved only when certain socio-educational obstacles to this transformation have been dissolved.
Tucker, William H., 1940- and Tucker, William H., 1940-
Prejudice., Minority Groups -- psychology., Psychoanalysis., Racism in psychology., Biography., and Biographies.
"Raymond Cattell, the father of personality trait measurement, was one of the most influential psychologists in the twentieth century, the author of fifty-six books, more than five hundred journal articles and book chapters, and some thirty standardized instruments for assessing personality and intelligence in a professional career that spanned almost seventy years. In August 1997, the American Psychological Association announced that Cattell had been selected the recipient of the American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychological Science. Then, only two days before the scheduled ceremony, the APF abruptly postponed the presentation of the award due to concerns involving Cattell's views on racial segregation and eugenics." "In addition to his mainstream research, Cattell had also authored a series of publications that posited evolutionary progress as the ultimate goal of human existence and argued that scientifically measurable criteria should be used to distinguish "successful" from "failing" racial groups so that the latter might be gradually "phased out" by non-violent methods such as regulation of birth control. Derived from science, Cattell's evolutionary philosophy was intended to be the basis of a full-blown religion. Although the earliest of these works had been published in the 1930s, near the end of an era in which eugenically based policies for human improvement were much more acceptable, Cattell promoted similar ideas well into the 1980s and '90s." "The Cattell Controversy describes Cattell's socio-religious beliefs in detail and analyzes their relationship to his scientific contributions. William H. Tucker discusses the controversy that arose within the field in response to the award's postponement, after which Cattell withdrew his name from consideration for the award but insisted that his position had been distorted by taking statements out of context. Reflecting on these events, Tucker concludes with a discussion of the complex question of whether and how a scientist's ideological views should ever be a relevant factor in determining the value of his or her contributions to the field."--Jacket.
American Psychologist. Aug97, Vol. 52 Issue 8, p797. 3p. 1 Black and White Photograph.
Reports that Raymond B. Cattell is the 1997 recipient of the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in Psychological Science. Background information on Cattell; Details on Cattell's contribution to psychology as a science; Information on who presented the award.
SPECIFICATIONS, PERSONALITY, MENTAL health, PSYCHOLOGY, and PSYCHOLOGICAL research
The Adult Personality Inventory (API) is a 324-item self report inventory used to assess normal range personality characteristics in adults. The test is appropriate for use with individuals 16 years of age or older. Although the Adult Personality Inventory is a relative newcomer on the test scene, its roots lie deep within an assessment tradition that spans more than half a century. R.B. Cattell and his associates developed tests primarily on the basis of a multivariate model of human personality and a fixed set of theoretical constructs. Cattell's approach was first to study the naturally occurring structure of human personality as recorded in the substance of language and then to develop scales to measure the factors he discovered. Cattell's vision was to map and measure the most fundamental dimensions of human personality. He felt that these basic building blocks of personality would have relevance to a wide assortment of socially relevant criteria. Furthermore, I6PF items designed to measure general ability, and which therefore require a correct answer, are interspersed among items that have no correct answer. Nevertheless, the test instructions emphasize the importance of moving quickly through the test and giving the first answer that comes to mind.
PSYCHOMETRICS, PSYCHOLOGISTS, FACTOR analysis, and BEHAVIORAL scientists
The aims of this article are twofold: to replicate the factors that were considered by psychologists R.B. Cattell and I.H. Scheier to be factors identifiable across studies, and to amplify the "meaning" of these factors by including additional psychological and physiological variables not found in previous studies. A female subject was measured on the same 68 variables for 99 occasions, and a P-technique factor analysis was performed on the correlation matrix that resulted from the correlation of variables across occasions. Results indicated that eight factors were matched reasonably with the previous work.
PSYCHOLOGISTS, TRAINING of executives, and PSYCHOLOGY
The article offers information on scientific practitioner and psychologist Hugh McCredie. It mentions Hugh spent his time at the National Institute of Industrial Psychology studying selection; and getting inspiration from the book "Scientific Analysis of Personality" by Ray Cattell. It also mentions Hugh's focus towards management development.