Brazilian Literature as World Literature is not only an introduction to Brazilian literature but also a study of the connections between Brazil's literary production and that of the rest of the world, particularly European and North American literatures. It highlights the tension that has always existed in Brazilian literature between the imitation of European models and forms and a yearning for a tradition of its own, as well as the attempts by modernist writers to propose possible solutions, such as aesthetic cannibalism, to overcome this tension.
PRIMARY health care, LITERATURE reviews, PHYSICIANS, PSYCHOLOGISTS, and DIRECT action
This paper aimed to characterize actions directed to children’s mental health (CMH) in Primary Health Care (PHC), based on an integrative review of Brazilian literature (20062017). The searches were carried out from LILACS, SciELO and VHL Network databases. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 13 articles were identified for analysis, which were presented in three thematic axes: 1) Characterization of the demands on CMH for PHC; 2) Actions and interventions on CMH carried out in PHC; and 3) Difficulties and propositions for the implementation of actions on CMH in PHC. The literature points, as the main actions, the identification of CMH problems and their referral to care by specialties. Some studies described specific actions of professionals such as physicians, pediatricians, and psychologists. Interventions of a local character or in partnerships with universities were also identified. The analysis of this material indicated that PHC has been considered as an important field of action in CMH, but that nevertheless requires greater investments, especially in professional training and work organization. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
black authorship, brazilian literature, white-centeredness, slavery, canon, Language and Literature, French literature - Italian literature - Spanish literature - Portuguese literature, and PQ1-3999
In this article, first of all, a reading of the profile that defines the history of Brazilian literature is presented, accounting for its white-centeredness, with few exceptions. Also, is carried out an analysis of the historical and conceptual bases that were forging a circuit and a literary scene of black authorship. At the same time, the operations on the archive of slavery carried out by writers of black authorship in dialogue with the hegemonic canon are analyzed. The corpus of poems that make up this article focuses on authors of the 20th century: Carolina Maria de Jesus, Edimilson de Almeida Pereira, Eliane Marques, Oswaldo de Camargo, Cuti, Conceição Evaristo, Carlos Assumpção, Mel Duarte. The article starts from an expanded conception of literature, so that along with black authorship literature mention will also be made of non-literary cultural practices (such as photography and plastic arts).
Rachel de Queiroz (1910-2003) was a Brazilian writer who produced several literary works, many set in the Northeastern Hinterland. His novel O Quinze portrays the saga of a migrant family formed by Chico Bento, Cordulina and their children; one of them, Josias, suffers acute cassava poisoning (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and presents several symptoms related to it. Cassava, a food consumed worldwide, contains cyanogenic glycosides with potential to form hydrogen cyanide and cause poisoning. The present article has the goal of carrying out a bibliographic research on the aspects of acute and chronic intoxication caused by M. esculenta Crantz while comparing it with Rachel de Queiroz's narrative. Eleven scientific articles published between 2010 and 2020 that deal with intoxication by M. esculenta Crantz were selected in the Medline database, in addition to textbooks and the book O Quinze. Hydrogen cyanide is formed after the ingestion of the linamarin and lotaustraline present in the cassava plant, being metabolized by the organism in thiocyanate. Acute intoxication leads to general symptoms and can be fatal. Treatment is done with antidotes such as cobalt complexes and methemoglobin-forming oxidants. Chronic cyanide exposure manifests itself in neurological syndromes, occurring especially in underdeveloped countries. There is no specific treatment for chronic intoxication, and prevention methods are the effective measures to reduce cases. Despite the substantial scientific literature, more studies are needed to develop new prevention and treatment techniques. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
CIRCULATION models, EUROPEAN literature, TWENTIETH century, CULTURAL production, and DIFFUSION
The article approaches, in a complementary perspective, in a sense, contrary to the traditional methods of analysis of Brazilian literature, the diffusion and mobilization of the modernist Brazilian literary production to the other cultural places, which the result is the redesigning of flows of the circulation and cultural models. At first, the means of diffusion of the Brazilian literature in Portugal and Europe, in general, are approached; next, the repercussion that it has, above all, in the Portuguese academic environment; and, finally, the adherence to the Brazilian literary model by Cape Verdean literati in the middle of the twentieth century. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
BRAZILIAN literature, HISTORIOGRAPHY, SCHOLARS, and LITERARY form
Brazilian literary historiography lived a paradoxical situation in the first decades after the country's independence (1822). The literature, as a part of a symbolic system that helped to shape the concept of nation, needed a historiography to legitimize it. On the other hand, it was not possible to coin a historiography, given that Brazil did not yet have enough representative works that would constitute a literary system, according to the definition of Antonio Candido. Based on texts of literature scholars and historians, this article analyses this paradox. It also shows how this situation is seen in three texts of the period: "Sobre a história da literatura do Brasil" (1836), by Gonçalves de Magalhães; "Bosquejo da história da poesia brasileira" (1840/41), by Joaquim Norberto de Sousa Silva; and "Da nacionalidade da literatura brasileira" (1843), by Santiago Nunes Ribeiro. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]