City and town life--Brazil--Rio de Janeiro, Popular culture--Brazil--Rio de Janeiro, Urban policy--Brazil--Rio de Janeiro, Society.--ukslc, and Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)--Civilization
During the 1990s Rio de Janeiro earned the epithet of'divided city', an image underscored by the contrast between its upper-class buildings and nearby hillside'favelas.'The city's cultural production, however, has been shaped by porous boundaries and multi-ethnic encounters. Drawing on a broad range of historical, theoretical and literary sources, Porous City generates new ways of understanding Rio's past, its role in the making of Brazilian culture, and its significance to key global debates about modernity and urban practices. This book offers an original perspective on Rio de Janeiro that focuses on the New City, one of the most compelling spaces in the history of modern cities. Once known as both a'Little Africa'and as a'Jewish Neighborhood,'the New City was an important reference for prominent writers, artists, pioneering social scientists and foreign visitors (from Christian missionaries to Orson Welles). It played a crucial role in foundational narratives of Brazil as'the country of carnival'and as a'racial democracy.'Going back to the neighborhood's creation by royal decree in 1811, this study sheds light on how initially marginalized practices - like samba music - became emblematic of national identity. A critical crossroads of Rio, the New City was largely razed for the construction of a monumental avenue during World War II. Popular musicians protested, but'progress'in the automobile age had a price. The area is now being rediscovered due to developments spurred by the 2016 Olympics. At another moment of transition, Porous City revisits this fascinating metropolis.
ROCOCO art, MANUSCRIPTS, 18TH century art, BRAZILIAN art, BRAZIL -- Civilization -- European influences, and INFLUENCE (Literary, artistic, etc.)
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CIVILIZATION, PORTUGUESE portrait painting, IMPERIALISM in literature, and PORTUGUESE influences
This article discusses author Ana Miranda's historical novel "O retrato do rei" and its themes of power and independence in 18th century Brazil. The author describes Miranda's use of portraiture as a symbol of power over the Brazilian people on behalf of the Portuguese king. The thefts of the portrait, which serve to question the king's authority, and the relationship of the novel to Brazilian history leading up to its independence, are also analyzed.
BRAZIL -- Civilization, CLIMATOLOGY, HUMAN life cycle, INFORMATION services, BRAZIL -- Description travel, and BRAZIL
Territorially immense, partly unexplored, highly diversified in topography, climate, and human life, Brazil is still as to both natural and cultural phenomena largely an unknown quantity, despite a century of scientific study by foreigners and the very creditable work done by the Brazilians themselves within more recent years. Moreover, available information, which at best is fragmentary in proportion to the vastness and complexity of the field, is not popularly diffused, least of all perhaps in the United States.
COCA Cola (Trademark), CIVILIZATION, METAPHOR, CANNIBALISM in literature, and 20TH century
The article examines the relationship between Coca-Cola and Brazilian culture by focusing on the poem "beba coca-cola," by Décio Pignatari, the novel "Sangue de Coca-Cola," by Roberto Drummond, and the book "A hora da estrela," by Clarice Lispector. The use of cannibalism as a cultural metaphor is addressed. The globalizing influence of products is contrasted with the influence of Brazilian creations.
CIVILIZATION, SOCCER -- Anthropological aspects, SOCCER, SOCCER techniques, and PHILOSOPHY
The purpose of this work is to explore and suggest a reflection on the racial theories that were debated in Brazil at the beginning of the twentieth century, making a counterpoint with Gilberto Freyre's interpretation of the Brazilian way of playing football (Dionysian) in comparison with the European style (Apollonian) and using Freyre's texts on football as a background. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Blacks--Brazil--History, Indians of South America--Brazil--History, Blacks--Brazil--Government relations, Indians of South America--Brazil--Government relations, Race discrimination--Brazil--History, Nationalism--Brazil--History, Brazil--Civilization--History, Brazil--Race relations--History, A68-B7, and F2659.N4
POSTCOLONIALISM, INTERNATIONAL relations, CULTURAL values, BRAZIL -- Civilization, and BRAZILIAN history
In this article, I critically engage with and develop an alternative approach to ontological security informed by Jacques Lacan’s theory of the subject. I argue that ontological security relates to a lack; that is, the always frustrated desire to provide meaningful discursive interpretations to one’s self. This lack is generative of anxiety which functions as the subject’s affective and necessary drive to a continuous, albeit elusive, pursuit of self-coherence. I theorise subjectivity in Lacanian terms as fantasised discursive articulations of the Self in relation to an idealised mirror-image other. The focus on postcolonial states’ subjectivity allows for the examination of the anxiety-driven lack generated by the ever-present desire to emulate but also resist the Western other. I propose, therefore, to explore the theoretical assertion that postcolonial ontological security refers to the institutionalisation and discursive articulation of enduring and anxiety-driven affective traces related to these states’ colonial pasts that are still active and influence current foreign policy practices. I illustrate the force of this interpretation of ontological security by focusing on Brazil as an example of a postcolonial state coping with the lack caused by its ambivalent/hybrid self-identity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Eakin, Marshall C. (Marshall Craig), 1952- and Marshall C. Eakin
Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987, National characteristics, Brazilian, Racially mixed people--Brazil, Blacks--Race identity--Brazil, Multiculturalism--Brazil, Mestizaje--Brazil, Brazil--Civilization--20th century, Brazil--Intellectual life--20th century, and F2659.A1
INDIGENOUS peoples -- Brazil, PUBLIC administration, REPRESENTATIVE government, SOCIAL structure, BRAZIL -- Civilization, and BRAZILIAN history
Copyright of Dialogos (14159945) is the property of Universidade Estadual de Maringa and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
BRAZILIAN national characteristics, CIVILIZATION, CULTURAL pluralism, POPULAR culture, BRANDING (Marketing), NATIONALISM, HISTORY, and SOCIAL aspects
Throughout our history, the idea of Brazil has been the subject of several elaborations, in general combining political and aesthetic aspects. However, at the turn of the third millennium this process has taken a new shape. Appropriations and reworkings of the idea of Brazil multiplied. The initiatives were everywhere, reaching different sectors of cultural and artistic production, the media and especially the market. The objective of this paper is to present the results of a documentary research project on the topic conducted in the course of the 2000s, which indicate two basic changes in comparison to the movements in the 20th century: the displacement of political interest to marketing, as well as of the emphasis on national identity to cultural diversity. In conclusion, we discuss the implications of the slide of identity construction from the sphere of politics to consumption. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
International Journal of Nautical Archaeology; Sep2015, Vol. 44 Issue 2, p410-422, 14p
WOODEN ships, ARCHITECTURAL designs, NAVAL architecture, DIFFUSION of innovations, HISTORY of shipbuilding, BRAZIL -- Civilization -- Portuguese influences, BRAZIL -- Civilization -- Spanish influences, and SHIPBUILDING
The survival of late medieval Mediterranean techniques to conceive and build ships and boats in Brazil was noted by John Patrick Sarsfield in the 1980s, but his study of the Valença shipwrights was interrupted by his untimely death in 1990. This paper summarizes Sarsfield's account of these shipbuilding techniques, examines that published by Lev Smarcevski (1996), and provides some preliminary results of the pilot stage of a project to further research traditional shipbuilding in Valença and the Baía de Todos os Santos region. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Torres, Cláudio V., Porto, Juliana B., Vargas, Luiza M., and Fischer, Ronald
Revista Psicologia. Organizacoes e Trabalho. mar2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p89-102. 14p.
Values (Ethics) -- Social aspects, Meta-analysis, and Brazil -- Civilization
The objective of the present study was to conduct a meta-analysis to test differences in basic human values within Brazil, as measured by Schwartz' Values Scale (Schwartz, 1992). We conducted a literature review of relevant research published between 1994 through 2012. A total of 19 reports, including 52 samples, met the selection criteria. The studies included samples from all five Brazilian geopolitical regions (N = 14.0%; NE = 28.0%; CW = 24.0%; SE = 24.0%; and S = 10.0%), with a total of 8,994 respondents (college students: 11.5%, professionals: 88.5%). An ANOVA weighted by sample size was carried out for each of the 10 motivational types. Results suggested systematic value differences across the five regions of Brazil. Respondents from the Northeast and Southern regions showed a higher endorsement of Conservation values when compared to respondents from the Center-West region. Also, respondents from the Southern region showed a higher endorsement of the values of Stimulation and Universalism when compared to respondents from the Center-West region of Brazil. We use an eco-cultural approach to interpret these differences in terms of the socialization processes prevalent in each region, including their history of immigration and colonization. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
TRAVELERS, BRAZIL -- Civilization, and THEMES in art
Copyright of Estúdio (1647-6158) is the property of Revista Estudio and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)