Bhandari, Ansuya, F. Kay, Richard, Williams, Blythe A., Tiwari, Brahma Nand, Bajpai, Sunil, and Hieronymus, Tobin
Cell Biology, Evolutionary Biology, Ecology, Sociology, 59999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified, 69999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified, Miocene hominoid Sivapithecus, Gujarat state, Kutch, and hominoid maxillary fragment
Hominoid remains from Miocene deposits in India and Pakistan have played a pivotal role in understanding the evolution of great apes and humans since they were first described in the 19th Century. We describe here a hominoid maxillary fragment preserving the canine and cheek teeth collected in 2011 from the Kutch (= Kachchh) basin in the Kutch district, Gujarat state, western India. A basal Late Miocene age is proposed based on the associated faunal assemblage that includes Hipparion and other age-diagnostic mammalian taxa. Miocene Hominoidea are known previously from several areas of the Siwalik Group in the outer western Himalayas of India, Pakistan, and Nepal. This is the first record of a hominoid from the Neogene of the Kutch Basin and represents a significant southern range extension of Miocene hominoids in the Indian peninsula. The specimen is assigned to the Genus Sivapithecus, species unspecified.
Journal of Himalayan Earth Science; 2011, Vol. 44, p2-4, 3p
FOSSILS, ANIMALS, GEOMORPHOLOGY, and MIOCENE Epoch
The article presents a study of fossils of exotic fauna from basins on the southern flank of the Himalayas, which aims to shed light on the geomorphological changes following the collision of the Indian and Asian landmasses that occurred during the Miocene period. Fossils of cyprinids and other species with better dispersal histories in Asian territories at the Dharmsala basin point to the formation of surface water streams at certain slopes of the Himalayas as a result of the collision.