Islamic philosophy -- Early works to 1800., Philosophy, Medieval., Physics -- Early works to 1800., Metaphysics -- Early works to 1800., and Early works.
Al-Isharat wal-Tanbihat ( Remarks and Admonitions) is one of the most mature and comprehensive philosophical works by Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980--1037). Grounded in an exploration of logic (which Ibn Sina described as the gate to knowledge) and happiness (the ultimate human goal), the text illuminates the divine, the human being, and the nature of things through a wide-ranging discussion of topics. The sections of Physics and Metaphysics deal with the nature of bodies and souls as well as existence, creation, and knowledge. Especially important are Ibn Sina's views of God's knowledge of particulars, which generated much controversy in medieval Islamic and Christian philosophical and theological circles and provoked a strong rejection by eleventh-century philosopher al-Ghazali. This book provides the first annotated English translation of Physics and Metaphysics and edits the original Arabic text on which the translation is based. It begins with a detailed analysis of the text, followed by a translation of the three classes or groups of ideas in the Physics (On the Substance of Bodies, On the Directions and Their Primary and Secondary Bodies, and On the Terrestrial and Celestial Souls) and the four in the Metaphysics (On Existence and Its Causes, Creation Ex Nihilo and Immediate Creation, On Ends, on Their Principles, and on the Arrangement [of Existence], and On Abstraction. The Metaphysics closes with a significant discussion of the concepts of providence, good, and evil, which Ibn Sina uses to introduce a theodicy.
Masʿūdī, Muḥammad Ibn-Masʿūd, Verfasser and Shihadeh, Ayman
Kommentar, Islamische Philosophie, Islamic philosophy, Masʻūdī, Muḥammad ibn Masʻūd active 12th century Mabāḥith wa-al-shukūk, and Avicenna 980-1037 Ishārāt wa-al-tanbīhāt
Includes bibliographical references (pages 175-186) and index Ayman Shihadeh brings to light an important new source, which marks a key moment of transition in twelfth-century Arabic philosophy. Sharaf al-Din al-Mas'udi's al-Mabahith wa-l-Shukuk 'ala l-Isharat (Investigations and Objections on the Pointers) offers major insight into the dialectic between the two traditions of Avicennan philosophy and rational theology, particularly Ash'arism, which by the end of the century culminates in the systematic philosophical theology of Fakhr al-Din al-Razi. Inaugurating the long and distinguished commentarial tradition on Avicenna's 'Isharat' (Pointers), al-Mas'udi's 'Shukuk' uniquely consists of aporias on selected passages, as opposed to exegesis. This monograph provides an overview and the first critical edition of the text, and in-depth case studies of metaphysical aporias and their Avicennan background