História Unisinos; jan-abr2021, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p108-121, 14p
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Gustavo Louis Henrique Pinto and Rafael Gonçalves Gumiero
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals, Iss 120, Pp 73-94 (2018)
SUDENE, Alliance for Progress, Brazil, Northeast region, United States, Celso Furtado, regional development, and Political science
The regional issue of peripheral underdevelopment has in the Brazilian Superintendency for the Development of the Northeast (SUDENE) its first great paradigmatic case. The adoption of its two master plans reflects the economic and political onslaught of this institution. In this context, dialogue between SUDENE and the United States was established via the request for financing. This paper analyses the rapprochement and distancing between SUDENE and the “Alliance for Progress” in order to identify the political negotiations established between the two actors in the 1961-1964 period. First, the process of rapprochement to the Alliance for Progress by SUDENE (1961-1962) is examined, followed by a review of the causes of the decline of those negotiations (1963-1964). The methodology is based on the documentary analysis of the acts of SUDENE’s Deliberative Council and its first and second master plans.
Field, Thomas C., Jr., author. and Field, Thomas C., Jr., author.
Alliance for Progress. and History.
Description Contents Reviews Detailed info During the most idealistic years of John F. Kennedy's Alliance for Progress development program, Bolivia was the highest per capita recipient of U.S. foreign aid in Latin America. Nonetheless, Washington's modernization programs in early 1960s' Bolivia ended up on a collision course with important sectors of the country's civil society, including radical workers, rebellious students, and a plethora of rightwing and leftwing political parties. In From Development to Dictatorship, Thomas C. Field Jr. reconstructs the untold story of USAID's first years in Bolivia, including the country's 1964 military coup d'état. Field draws heavily on local sources to demonstrate that Bolivia's turn toward anticommunist, development-oriented dictatorship was the logical and practical culmination of the military-led modernization paradigm that provided the liberal underpinnings of Kennedy's Alliance for Progress. In the process, he explores several underappreciated aspects of Cold War liberal internationalism: the tendency of "development" to encourage authoritarian solutions to political unrest, the connection between modernization theories and the rise of Third World armed forces, and the intimacy between USAID and CIA covert operations. Challenging the conventional dichotomy between ideology and strategy in international politics, From Development to Dictatorship engages with a growing literature on development as a key rubric for understanding the interconnected processes of decolonization and the Cold War.--
Management education, Public administration, Modernization (Social science), and Curriculum
We investigate the case of the Economic Commission for Latin America in Brazil to discuss how modernization theory was mobilized to influence management education. The theories formulated by the Economic Commission for Latin America formed the basis of the courses it offered on development administration and management and the public administration schools it helped create. The theories from the Economic Commission for Latin America were contrary to US interests and to the modernization theory tenets developed by US scholars. The Alliance for Progress, launched in 1961 by US President J.F. Kennedy, was a project informed by modernization theory aimed to foster development in Latin America, and to contain the spread of Communism after the Cuban Revolution. The Alliance for Progress mobilized a network of US-controlled institutions that invested in management education and in an interpretation of development administration and management based on modernization theory that confronted the Economic Commission for Latin America. We make use of Burke's Pentad to articulate the interactions among (asymmetrical) players at different levels of analysis and along the historical period investigated. We treat science as literature, and we present our analysis in a dramatistic narrative to promote reflexive management learning. We show that US-led investment in management education increased considerably after the launch of the Alliance for Progress, and that it lasted throughout the 1960s. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Henrique Pinto, Gustavo Louis and Gonçalves Gumiero, Rafael
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals. 2018, p73-94. 22p.
REGIONAL planning, REGIONALISM, ECONOMIC development, BRAZIL -- Foreign relations -- United States, and BRAZIL -- Politics & government
The regional issue of peripheral underdevelopment has in the Brazilian Superintendency for the Development of the Northeast (SUDENE) its first great paradigmatic case. The adoption of its two master plans reflects the economic and political onslaught of this institution. In this context, dialogue between SUDENE and the United States was established via the request for financing. This paper analyses the rapprochement and distancing between SUDENE and the "Alliance for Progress" in order to identify the political negotiations established between the two actors in the 1961-1964 period. First, the process of rapprochement to the Alliance for Progress by SUDENE (1961-1962) is examined, followed by a review of the causes of the decline of those negotiations (1963-1964). The methodology is based on the documentary analysis of the acts of SUDENE's Deliberative Council and its first and second master plans. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
International Affairs. Nov2013, Vol. 89 Issue 6, p1389-1409. 21p.
Latin America-United States relations, Revolutions -- Latin America, Latin America -- Politics & government -- 1948-1980, Cuba-United States relations, International relations -- Congresses, Twentieth century, and History
One of the first acts of the new administration of President John F. Kennedy in 1961 was to promote an 'Alliance for Progress' throughout Latin America. JFK's stated goal was 'to transform the American continent' by improving the often desperate living conditions of its peoples; advancing industrialization; diversifying and increasing exports (especially away from heavy dependence on single items such as coffee); encouraging interstate trade and communications; and-above all-strengthening democracy: a term to inspire but one rarely, if ever, defined. The primary means for achieving these ends would be the extension of loans by the United States and others, thereby building up capital for industrial production while increasing food and raw material supplies to maximize foreign exchange-all with the aim of reversing the 'dependency' of 'underdeveloped' Latin America upon the more 'advanced' economies of the north Atlantic area. Kennedy's expressed fear was that Latin America, its impoverished peoples ripe for revolution, would follow the path of Cuba under the new regime of Fidel Castro. In the first part of a two-part analysis the historical and political origins of the Alliance are traced to both US and Latin American sources, including schemes within the Organization of American States and 'Operation Pan America'; in the second part the economic failures and the strategic successes of the Alliance during the presidencies of Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon will be evaluated as another, if varied, stage in the evolving 'hegemonic presumption' of the US towards its southern neighbours. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]