Death Valley Days (Television program), Flowers -- Research, Freed, Arthur, 1894-1973, Longwood Foundation, Nature study -- Activity programs -- California, Relief models, and Trees -- Identification -- Study and teaching
Wizard of Oz, The (Film : 1939), Garland, Judy, 1922-1969, and Wizard of Oz films
Samuel Goldwyn sold the film rights to L. Frank Baum’s classic 1900 children’s book The Wizard of Oz to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) for $75,000 on June 3, 1938. The studio had, however, been preparing to film the story for several months prior to the sale. As early as January, 1938, Mervyn LeRoy had entrusted William Cannon with the task of preparing the story for the screen. The first of the twelve screenwriters who worked on the script was Irving Brecher; others included Herman Mankiewicz, Ogden Nash, Noel Langley, Herbert Fields, Samuel Hoffenstein, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf. Langley, Ryerson, and Woolf received screen credit. Harold Arlen and Edgar Harburg wrote the music and lyrics; they had been hired in May. The model for both the writers and the composers was Walt Disney’s animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), which had been extremely successful just a year earlier. From the beginning, however, MGM did not apparently expect to make much money on the live-action fantasy. Instead, this was to be the studio’s “prestige picture” for the year.
Dance in motion pictures, television, etc., Musical films, Kelly, Gene, 1912-1996, and Music history
In the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, the American musical film reached its apex of creative and popular success in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) releases starring the exuberant Gene Kelly. Although best known to the public for his screen persona as a genial yet rugged individual whose characters’ romantic and artistic quests were expressed in muscular yet lyrical dances, Kelly also made significant contributions, as a choreographer and director, to the development of the musical.
South Carolina, part of the Deep South, entered the Union on May 23, 1788, as the eighth state. Known as the "Palmetto State" for its lush palmetto trees, South Carolina is located in the southeastern United States along the Eastern Seaboard. It is bounded on the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, on the southwest by Georgia, and on the north by North Carolina. The state has a long tradition of support for state's rights, and was the first to secede during the Civil War. South Carolinians continue to deal with the war's legacy, as seen by longtime disputes about whether to fly the Confederate flag at the state capitol; the decision was ultimately reached in 2015 to remove the flag from all government property. South Carolina diversified its economy in the twentieth century, but remains heavily agricultural, growing cotton, tobacco, and soybeans. Industries include textiles, industrial machinery, chemicals, and commercial fishing, as well as services which support local military bases.