SUMMARY Samuel George Morton (1799-1851) was the most highly regarded American scientist of the early and middle 19th century. Thanks largely to Stephen Jay Gould's book The Mismeasure of Man, Morton's cranial capacity measurements of different races is now held up as a prime example of and cautionary tale against scientific racism. A team of anthropologists recently reevaluated Morton's work and argued that it was Gould, not Morton, who was biased in his analysis. This article is a reexamination of the Morton and Gould controversy. It argues that most of Gould's arguments against Morton are sound. Although Gould made some errors and overstated his case in a number of places, he provided prima facia evidence, as yet unrefuted, that Morton did indeed mismeasure his skulls in ways that conformed to 19th century racial biases. Gould's critique of Morton ought to remain as an illustration of implicit bias in science. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Annals of Science. Nov82, Vol. 39 Issue 6, p629. 2p.
Gould wrote this prize-winning book with at least two goals: first, to demonstrate its 'cardinal principle' (that 'science... is a socially embedded activity'), and second, to argue that most past scientific attempts to assess human ability have been based on what he sees as two major fallacies (biological determinism, and the objectification of the concept of intelligence). As a brief against what Gould considers bad science, The mismeasure man works well. But its marshalling of historical evidence exhibits many surprising weaknesses that at times detract from the value of Gould's presentation. The book well demonstrates that much past science cannot be accepted today and has at times been used to justify socially questionable actions. But these are not revolutionary conclusions, and the book is not the revolutionary document that at least some reviewers believe it is. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
English Journal. Sep2015, Vol. 105 Issue 1, p16-20. 4p.
TEACHERS, STUDENTS, STANDARDIZED tests, and EDUCATIONAL tests & measurements
The article discusses the power of teachers in repairing the mismeasurement of students. Topics covered include why students develop a deep trauma related to standardized testing used in the education system, the highlights of the research study entitled "The Mismeasure of Man" by Stephen Jay Gould, and how teachers disrupt the mismeasurement of students' identities. It also discusses the changes in federal guidelines and legislation relating to education in the U.S.
INTELLIGENCE tests, ARTIFICIAL intelligence, COGNITIVE science, and COMPUTER software
Discusses the use of computer programs for intelligence testing. Background on the sequence-solving program SE Q; Topic of numerical intelligence; Formulas; Artificial intelligence; Argument of Stephen Jay Gould in his book 'The Mismeasure of Man'; Biological determinism.
RACISM -- United States, RACE discrimination -- United States, and AFRICAN Americans
The article presents a discussion on racism in the U.S. and the impact of poorly conducted science on Western society using fiction literature. Two of fiction literatures used in the discussion are "The Mismeasure of Man," by S. J. Gould and "Invisible Man," by Ralph Ellison. The work of Gould focuses on quantifying human intellectual worth during the 18th and 20th centuries. It dealt with segregation and discrimination against African Americans. The second book has been honored for dealing with the African American experience during World War II.
The article focuses on the criticism for the 107-page paper by economists Oded Galor and Quamrul Ashraf which claim that genetic diversity can predict the success of the country's economy. It says that evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould has complaint in his book "The Mismeasure of Man" about the interconnection between genetics and intelligence of individuals. It mentions several scientists that express their sharp response against the paper including geneticist David Reich.
The article reviews the book "The Mismeasure of Man," by Stephen Jay Gould, "Applied Communication Research: A Dramatistic Approach," by John F. Cragan and Donald C. Shields, and "Popular Perceptions of Banks Among Arkansas: Explorations in Institutional Imagery," by Charles R. Britton and Robert L. Savage.