Carthusian, Liturgical, Musicological significance, Antiphonary, Evangeliary, Tonary, Hymnary, Kyriale, Textual similarity, Variant melodies, 783.5, South African Library. Grey Collection -- Manuscripts, Melodic analysis, Music -- Manuscripts, Antiphons (Music) -- History and criticism, and Manuscripts
Of the three manuscripts that form the basis of this thesis, MS Cape Town, South AfricanLibrary, Grey 4c7 is, in musicological terms the most important of the three manuscripts. Itis a complete Carthusian Antiphonary, of the late 14th century, written for the Charterhouseof Champmol, near Dijon, the mausoleum of the Dukes of Burgundy. It also contains anextensive Tonary, a Hymnary and a Kyriale. The two didactic verses which form part of theTonary are of particular importance, since MS 4c7is one of the few manuscripts in the worldintended for musical performance to contain the Ter terni by William of Hirsau; furthermoreit is apparently the only Carthusian manuscript of any kind to contain the Oyapente etdyatessaron by Hucbald. The manuscript is placed in the context of the Carthusian liturgyof the 12th to the 16th centuries and is compared with 33 manuscripts of this period. It isshown that, although a marked textual similarity exists between the manuscripts, there arevariant melodies. The conclusion is therefore drawn that the Carthusians did not have asingle exemplar for the melodies in their liturgical books. It is shown that MS 4c7 and MSOijon, Bibliotheque municipale 118, also written for Champmol, were copied from the sameexemplar and that they are closely related to MSS Beaune, Bibliotheque municipale 27, 34and 41, ot the neighbouring Charterhouse of Fontenay.The second manuscript, MS Grey 3c23, an Antiphonary for nuns, for Lauds and Vespers,written for the Charterhouse of Mont-Sainte-Marie, at Gosnay, near Arras, has been dated1538 by the original scribe. This manuscript is almost identical to MS AGC C II 817. Thepresence of a Sequence, foreign to the Carthusian tradition, is however unique toMS 3c23.The third manuscript, MS Grey 6b3, is an Evangeliary, signed by the scribe, Amelontius deErcklems, in 1520. Its provenance is the Charterhouse of Our Lady of the Twelve Apostlesat Mont-Cornillon near Liege. Musicological features of the manuscript which are discussedare the Hymn 'Te decet laus', and the accent neumes at the ends of pericopes.
Art History, Visual Arts & Musicology