HUBEI Sheng (China) -- Economic conditions, POLITICAL campaigns, CULTURAL Revolution, China, 1966-1969, and OPERAS
The "Seventeen Years" between 1949 and the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution are seen as a golden age of socialist drama. This view gains merit by contrast to Cultural Revolution turmoil, but did Jiang Qing's intervention into Chinese drama suppress a thriving socialist cultural realm? Archival sources and confidential journals support the argument that professional drama troupes in Hubei faced dueling demands from their audiences and the Communist Party during the Seventeen Years. Cultural leaders advocated modern revolutionary dramas, but these were usually upstaged by the traditional operas most villagers preferred. Traditional actors falsely claiming amateur status staged old favorites for high salaries. Even after a campaign to suppress illegal troupes, the preference for traditional opera in cultural markets ensured conflict between professional actors and the party. In the dramatic realm, local culture proved resistant to party control and remained wedded to economic and artistic concerns. Revolutionary dramas had forceful backers, but until the Cultural Revolution traditional operas dominated rural cultural markets. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
LAND reform, PEASANTS, INTELLECTUALS, EQUALITY, CHINESE national characteristics, CLASS identity, HISTORY, SOCIAL conditions in China, 1912-1949, and SOCIAL conditions in China, 1949-1976
The article discusses relations between peasants and intellectuals in China and examines the impact of land reform on those relations between 1946 and 1952. Particular focus is given to the role played by Qinghua University professor Wu Jingchao within the land reform movement. Issues related to social inequality under the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and national identity in the People's Republic of China (PRC) are explored. Other topics include class loyalty, the revolutionary elements of land reform movements, and class identity among Chinese students.
DeMare, Brian, Loubere, Nicholas, Lunds universitet, Centrum för öst- och sydöstasienstudier, and Lund University, Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies, Lund University
Made in China: A Quarterly on Chinese Labour, Civil Society, and Rights. 3(4):80-85
China, Chinese history, Chinese Communist Party, land reform, Samhällsvetenskap, Annan samhällsvetenskap, Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap, Social Sciences, Other Social Sciences, and Social Sciences Interdisciplinary