Berrens AC, van Leeuwen PJ, Maurer T, Hadaschik BA, and Krafft U
The quarterly journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging : official publication of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine (AIMN) [and] the International Association of Radiopharmacology (IAR), [and] Section of the Society of.. [Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging] 2021 Sep; Vol. 65 (3), pp. 202-214. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 09.
With the development of new imaging technologies and tracers, the applications of radioguided surgery for prostate cancer are growing rapidly. The current paper aims to give an overview of the recent advances of radioguided surgery in the management of prostate cancer. We performed a literature search to give an overview of the current status of radioguided surgery for prostate cancer. Three modalities of radioguided surgery, the sentinel node procedure, Cerenkov Luminescence / beta-radio-guided surgery and radio-guided salvage surgery in recurrent prostate cancer, were reviewed in detail. Radioguided surgery for prostate cancer has shown promising value in the treatment of primary diagnosed prostate cancer and recurrent loco-regional lymph node positive prostate cancer. Advances have been made into minimal invasive (robot-assisted) laparoscopic surgery. The sentinel node procedure for prostate cancer has been further developed and is currently performed with high diagnostic sensitivity. Cerenkov luminescence imaging is a feasible and encouraging technique for intraoperative margin assessment in prostate cancer. Radioguided surgery in recurrent prostate cancer has shown to be feasible, yielding high sensitivity and specificity for detecting small local recurrences and metastases. With the availability of different new tracers, the road has been paved towards clinically feasible radioguided surgery for prostate cancer. Novel technologies now being developed for minimal invasive surgery are speeding up clinical research. Currently, none of the radioguided surgery techniques mentioned have been accepted as standard of care.