Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press). Dec91, Vol. 72 Issue 4, p834-88393. 6p. 1 Chart.
VOTING, POLITICAL campaigns, ELECTIONS, POLITICAL science, and SOCIAL scientists
This article discusses the misinformation and misperceptions in social research. The author says that the researcher Bernard Grofman has testified on behalf of plaintiffs in dozens of voting rights cases, the author has worked for defendants in similar cases. In his research note, Grofman argues that elections have a single predictor, race, so that multivariate approaches are not simply inappropriate but misleading. Rather than becoming apologists for the courts, social scientists should avoid the temptation to adopt methodologically inadequate approaches. Since the 1982 amendments to the Voting Rights Act, litigation has focused on seven primary and two secondary factors identified by U.S. Congress as relevant when assessing whether an electoral system dilutes minority political influence. While racially polarized voting and the election of minorities are perhaps the two most critical factors, courts have warned that decisions are not to be the product of a tally of the number of factors present but must rest upon an intensely local consideration of the totality of the circumstances surrounding elections.
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press). Mar1986, Vol. 67 Issue 1, p108-117. 10p. 3 Charts.
DOMESTIC economic assistance, GOVERNMENT aid, POLITICAL science, URBAN economics, and CITIES & towns
The 95th Congress was marked by conflict between Sunbelt and Frostbelt representatives over federal aid to cities. This study shows that region has become a somewhat greater determinant of support for urban aid over time. However, most of the apparently increasing regional difference in support for urban aid is due to differential regional changes in other variables, especially ideology and party. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press). Sep95, Vol. 76 Issue 3, p673-680. 8p. 2 Charts.
UNITED States political parties, POLITICAL science, REGRESSION analysis, ELECTIONS, and UNITED States Congressional elections
The article examines the 1994 open seat U.S. Congressional elections at the district level to determine how Republican open seat performance improved. It emphasizes on conditions that affect the success of the GOP in open seat elections; negation of the Democratic Party advantage in open seat elections; regression estimates of open seat congressional elections; Influence of redistricting on open seat elections. This study examines the role of open seats in forging the Republican majority in 1994. The 1994 open seat congressional elections are examined at the district level to determine how Republican open seat performance improved, compared to the previous decade, and how GOP improvement related to Republican gains. GOP success in open seats occurred under conditions similar to those indicated by previous research, with one significant exception: the South. This analysis indicates that the Democratic party advantage was negated by a strong backlash vote against professional Democratic politicians in that region, and by changes in district demographics during the previous redistricting. The new Republican majority rested in part on the change in GOP fortunes in open seats, especially in the South.
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press). Mar91, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p181-188. 8p. 7 Charts.
PUBLISHERS & publishing, SOCIAL sciences, SOCIOLOGY, CONFERENCES & conventions, and POLITICAL science
The article presents a study showing that the journal "Social Science Quarterly," is a highly interdisciplinary, broadly based journal of high quality and national scope. The results of the study show that the journal is broadly interdisciplinary but that most contributors are from political science, sociology, and economics. Large research schools dominate, suggesting that interdisciplinary scholarship is important to these faculties and that the journal provides a quality outlet. Those at less prestigious schools also find the journal receptive. Papers come primarily from the U.S. academic institutions, located in all but three states. The journal is unquestionably national in scope and importance. Citation analysis suggests that the journal papers are widely read and cited in many different journals from many different subfields of the social sciences. Many citing journals are among the most influential, in terms of citation impact. General interest, special topic, position, and symposium papers averaged more than 4 citations each, and 23 papers had 10 or more citations.