A literary criticism of the play "Antigone" by Sophocles is presented. It outlines the characters and illustrates the general issues of escalation of conflict by reciprocal shaming . It examines specific acknowledgment of the emotion and unacknowledged shame that turns into rage. It also discusses shaming an insult.
A literary criticism of the play "Antigone" by Sophocles is presented. It outlines the characters and explores failure of justice over religious law and civic law . It examines expressions of anxiety in Greek tragedy and comedy about a woman's ability to produce a child without proof of its paternity. It mentions choral song in Greek tragedy "Ode to Man".
TEXTUAL criticism, COMMA (Punctuation), GENITIVE case (Grammar), METAPHOR, and ANTONYMS
This article discusses some textual questions in Ajax leading to the following conclusions: I. 54 add ⟨τ᾽⟩ after λείας. – II. 208 the emendation ἠρεμίας ("rest", "quietude") suggested by Thiersch. – III. 405a–b the proposal κράτη / μοι to fill the lacuna. – IV. 476 defence of the line as transmitted. – V. 546 τοσόνδε to go with ϕόνον. – VI. 719 ἄνδρες, ϕίλον τι πρῶτον instead of ἄνδρες ϕίλοι, τὸ πρῶτον. – VII. 869 instead of με write γε. – VIII. 951 ⟨σὸν⟩ ἄχθος as a reference to Tecmessa's heavy burden of woe. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Third Text. Jan2018, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p150-160. 11p.
REPAIRING, GREEK tragedy, and IMMIGRANTS
This article brings together Sophocles’s tragedy, Oedipus at Colonus, with an account of the 2013 Lampedusa disaster in which over 300 migrants perished off the coast of Italy. This juxtaposition conflates the ancient and the contemporary in order to draw out a decisive feature of border regimes: they not only produce legal and social ambiguity among migrants, but also attempt to instrumentalise and ‘fix’ this ambiguity in favour of the receiving state, with often tragic consequences. This article also outlines the possibility of an alternative ethics that takes place outside this unbalanced relation. By drawing on Vicki Squire’s notion of ‘mobile solidarities’ and Gillian Rose’s wider political category of ‘Ethical Life’, it proposes a more grounded and speculative ethics of repair that both affirms ambiguity and disrupts and troubles the statist framing of the migrant. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
New Political Science. Sep2016, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p335-353. 19p.
POLITICAL science, HISTORY, PHILOCTETES (Mythological character) in literature, HUMAN abnormalities, SOCIOLOGY of disability, VULNERABILITY (Psychology), GREECE, and SOCIAL aspects
Political theory often sees disability through the negative language of abnormality and inability, which perceives disability as a deficiency that deviates from the able-bodied. However, critical disability studies strives to transform the disabling language of political theory into an enabling project that sees the ability, unique perspectives, capacities, and contributions of people with disabilities. Through Sophocles’Philoctetes, this article examines the negative ways in which disability is conceptualized, socially constructed, and (dis)valued, as well as the possibilities for a positive and enabling theory of disability. The character of Philoctetes exposes the negative social construction of disability as well as the extraordinary ability of those who live with chronic impairments. ThePhiloctetesmeditates on the status of the disabled who are unfairly isolated from human community and who are often unfairly seen in an instrumental fashion that fails to recognize their fundamental status as human beings who are capable, valuable, and essential for the success of human endeavors and community. For political theory, thePhiloctetesdemonstrates the ability in disability, and shines brightly on the essential contributions that people with disabilities make in our societies. Philoctetes shows that the lives of people who live daily with chronic impairments need not be seen as necessarily tragic. Instead, these modes of being speak to human diversity, ingenuity, and triumph. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
The author discusses the relation of the play "Cruel and Tender," by Martin Crimp and "Trachiniae," by Sophocles. It mentions that Crimp and Sophocles both focused on various important issues including the meeting points which are thematic, modal and stylistic. It says that the "Cruel and Tender" can be considered to surpass the strong performativity of the violence and pain in Sophocles's play.
PSYCHOANALYSIS, MOTIVATION (Psychology), EMOTIONS (Psychology), and HUMAN behavior
Oedipus Tyrannos(Sophocles, 430 BCE) is examined psychoanalytically considering the elements of the story as unfolding in such a way as to leave what Freud (1905) called, “gaps unfilled and riddles unanswered” in the history, that is to say, devoid of a truly complex portrayal of human motivation and feeling. The quality of innocence that is dependent on simultaneously knowing and not knowing, both external reality and the internal realities that accompany it, is lost during Oedipus’ zealous investigation. Elements of the history, as Sophocles presents it, reveal gaps and riddles that become resolved as the play moves inexorably to its tragic conclusion, with the identification of Oedipus as the parricidal polluter. The solicitations of supernatural consultation from the Delphian oracle betoken a disowned knowing of a frightening or a shameful aspect of human nature without actually acknowledging that knowledge. As the investigation proceeds, the play devolves virtually into a play within a play with Oedipus, Jocasta, and Creon set apart from the chorus in such a way that highlights the exposure of Oedipus and Jocasta in their states of fulminant and unbearable public shame. It is in response to this exposure and shame that Jocasta kills herself and Oedipus blinds himself and requests banishment. The hitherto circumstantial history of unknowing parricide and incest powerfully affects the audience because those polluting crimes contain something essential, albeit disowned, in human nature. The quality of innocence, simultaneous knowing and not knowing, lost in Oedipus and Jocasta as the action moves relentlessly toward their tragic downfall and public exposure, allows the theater audience to persist in innocence, in states of knowing and not knowing by their vicarious, unseen, and unexposed participation in the performance. InOedipus at Colonus(Sophocles, 406 BCE), Oedipus is revered as well as reviled. This revulsion stems from the fact that he knows something about the inner recesses of the personality within the nuclear family that very much affects his effectiveness and greatness in the larger political order. He is somehow great and effective because of this linkage of the intrafamilial past with the political present. This is a crucial linkage often ignored in classical criticism. He is great because people know and do not know that he has lost innocence about the inner world of his family. Similarities to the psychoanalytic encounter are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
A literary criticism of the play "Oedipus the King" by Sophocles is presented. It outlines the characters and explores the importance of biological parents for Greeks. It examines negative and positive sides of parental relation in case of blood parents and foster parents. It also discusses parricide and incest as one of the greatest offenses against the family.
GREEK drama, OEDIPUS (Greek mythology) in literature, POLITICAL science, and THEATER
The article reports on the classic Greek tragedy "Oedipus Tyrannus," by Sophocles. Oedipus Tyrannus holds a special place in the history of Western theatre. It is not a cautionary tale of crime and punishment. A more insidious form of theatrical reductionism arises from the mistaken belief that the characters in the play are simply puppets in the hands of the gods. Although the character, Oedipus is born to doom, everything he does on-stage he freely chooses. Even while matching his life to the terrible fate inscribed for him, Oedipus continues to act autonomously, following the best information available. Thinking he is the son of Polybus and Merope, he strives to avoid the pollution of parricide and incest by fleeing Corinth; as political leader of Thebes, he struggles to rid his city of the plague by tracking down the killer of Laius; and, when the opportunity arises, he applies his energies relentlessly to untangle the riddle of his own identity. The article also includes other information about the book.
International Journal of Psychoanalysis. Apr2013, Vol. 94 Issue 2, p313-331. 19p.
OEDIPUS complex, THEORY of self-knowledge, and PSYCHOANALYSIS
In the Oedipus myth we find a dramatic representation of the child's passionate ties to its parents. In the play Oedipus the King , Sophocles relates the theme of the myth to the question of self-knowledge. This was the predominant reading in German 19th century thinking, and even as a student Freud was fascinated by Oedipus' character - not primarily as the protagonist of an oedipal drama, but as the solver of divine riddles and as an individual striving for self-knowledge. Inspired by Vellacott, Steiner has proposed an alternative reading of Oedipus the King as a play about a cover-up of the truth. The text supports both these arguments. The pivotal theme of the tragedy is Oedipus' conflict between his desire to know himself and his opposing wish to cover up the truth that will bring disaster. It is this complex character of Oedipus and the intensity of his conflict-ridden struggle for self-knowledge that has made the tragedy to a rich source of inspiration for psychoanalytic concept formation and understanding both of emotional and cognitive development up to our own time. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Australian Feminist Studies. Mar2003, Vol. 18 Issue 40, p7-16. 10p.
ANTIGONE (Mythological character) in literature, WOMEN in literature, SOCIAL conditions of women, and GENDER identity
This article analyzes the implied social treatment of women in the play "Antigone" by Sophocles. It contains an overview of Greek mythology, discusses the symbolism of the gynecological inexperience of women as punishment, and focuses on the sexual definition of man and woman.
A literary criticism of the play "Oedipus the King" by Sophocles is presented. It outlines the characters and explores the symbolic signficance of these characters. It analyzes the relationship between faith and reason as well as the behavior of its main character, Oedipus. It artues that Oedipus' fate could have been ameliorated if he used both reason and prophecy.
BIOPOLITICS (Sociobiology), BODY & soul in literature, POLITICAL philosophy, ANTIGONE (Mythological character) in literature, and HUMANITY in literature
The article analyzes the play "Antigone" by Sophocles. Using a biopolitical approach, the author examines the nature of body and its relationship with state power as discussed within the play. Information is provided on the views of human nature and politics from philosophers Michel Foucault and Aristotle. The author suggests that the character Antigone represents humanity as it exists outside politics and community and its value over the state.
Criticizes Bernhard Frank's interpretation of Sophocles' `Oedipus Rex' (fall 1992 issue of `The Explicator'). The author's difficulties in finding suggestions in `Oedipus Rex' for Frank's interpretation of the blinding scene; Contention the play produced pity and fear, not the disgust and revulsion as Frank suggests.
FATE & fatalism in literature, AGENT (Philosophy) in literature, APOLLO (Deity) in literature, and DELPHIAN oracle
A critique is presented of the Greek play "Oedipus the King" by Sophocles, focusing on themes of fate versus agency and divine interference in human life, and comparing the character Oedipus with King Croesus from the book "Histories" by Herodotus. The Greek god Apollo, prophesy in literature, and Apollo's oracle at Delphi in Greece are also mentioned.
Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities. Aug2004, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p55-66. 12p.
DRAMA, TRAGEDY (Drama), HISTORY, and CLASSICAL drama (Tragedy)
Focuses on the first stasimon of Sophocles' "Antigone." Affinity between objects of analysis and the method of analysis; Writings of Walter Benjamin in "On the Concept of History," about the past and the present; Possibility of transformation through a type of recognition; Interarticulation of place and possibility; Link between Greek tragedy and the present; Differing relations between fate and subjectivity in regards to ancient and modern tragedy.