Boone, Tanya, Lefkowitz, Eva, Romo, Laura, Corona, Rosalie, Sigman, Marian, and Au, Terry
International Journal of Behavioral Development. Jul2003, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p347. 8p.
AIDS in adolescence, AIDS in women, QUESTIONNAIRES, HUMAN sexuality, HEALTH behavior, and AIDS prevention
The authors examined perceived vulnerability to AIDS among mothers and adolescents. One hundred and eleven mother-adolescent dyads of Latino descent participated in the study, completing questionnaires about perceived AIDS vulnerability, exposure to people with AIDS, AIDS knowledge, and mother-adolescent communication about AIDS and sexuality. Mothers reported lower levels of AIDS vulnerability than did their adolescents, although mothers were more knowledgeable about AIDS than were their adolescents. The results of this study have implications for the role of perceived vulnerability in health behaviour models and for future interventions aimed at preventing HIV in adolescents. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Environment & Planning D: Society & Space. Oct2010, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p791-810. 20p. 1 Black and White Photograph.
AIDS -- Social aspects, AIDS in adolescence, DISEASES in youths, INTERVENTION (Social services), PREVENTION, and AFRICA -- Social conditions
In southern Africa interventions to halt the spread of AIDS and address its social impacts are commonly targeted at young people, in many cases through the education sector. In Lesotho, education-sector responses to AIDS are the product of negotiation between a range of 'local' and 'global' actors. Although many interventions are put forward as government policy and implemented by teachers in schools, funding is often provided by bilateral and multilateral donors, and the international 'AIDS industry'-in the form of UN agencies and international NGOs-sets agendas and makes prescriptions. This paper analyses interviews conducted with policy makers and practitioners in Lesotho and a variety of documents, critically examining the discourses of childhood and youth that are mobilised in producing changes in education policy and practice to address AIDS. Focusing on bursary schemes, life-skills education, and rights-based approaches, the paper concludes that, although dominant 'global' discourses are readily identified, they are not simply imported wholesale from the West, but rather are transformed through the organisations and personnel involved in designing and implementing interventions. Nonetheless, the connections through which these discourses are made, and children are subjectified, are central to the power dynamics of neoliberal globalisation. Although the representations of childhood and youth produced through the interventions are hybrid products of local and global discourses, the power relations underlying them are such that they, often unintentionally, serve a neoliberal agenda by depicting young people as individuals in need of saving, of developing personal autonomy, or of exercising individual rights. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
AIDS in adolescence, AIDS in children, AIDS patients, and EDUCATION
Discusses programs for children and adolescents with HIV infections. Issues that surround working with students who have HIV disease; Creation of a supportive climate in school; Implementation of hygienic safeguards in the school setting.
Examines the assessment of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related social skills in Anglo and Latino adolescents. Gender differences on the skills; Descriptions of social skills approach; Methodology and results of the study; Discussion.
AIDS in adolescence, PREVENTION of sexually transmitted diseases, TEENAGERS' sexual behavior, and PREVENTION
Addresses the role of physicians in prevention of HIV and/or sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among adolescents in the United States. Prevalence of HIV infections and STD among adolescents; Difficulties in changing adolescent sexual behavior; Balance between support for abstinence and correct and consistent use of condoms for those who continue to engage in sexual intimacy.
Editorial. Comments on the prevention of AIDS among adolescents. Effectiveness of condoms in preventing HIV transmission as less than 100 percent; Importance of the promotion of condom use; Promotion of abstinence for teenagers; Need for adequate training of physicians and allied health professionals to provide appropriate guidance.