Presents information on the poetry collection 'Canto General,' by Pablo Neruda. Elements of 'Canto General'; Significance of the first poem of the collection 'Amor Am é rica'; Description of the construction of a future utopia; Basic principles of Neruda for human interaction, government and self-fulfillment.
This article deals with the originary quality of the poetic and rhetorical word, according to philosopher Martin Heidegger and poets Giuseppe Ungaretti and Pablo Neruda. Heidegger states not only the priority of the poetical over the rational word, but its specific, philosophical function as well. In his thesis of the preeminence of the poetical language over the rational one, Heidegger is close to the thesis of the Italian philosopher, Giambattista Vico. Vico believes that through the poetical word people unveil the human world and that in the clearing, in the light of the poetic, metaphorical world, clearing a path through the originary forest of man's life, the stage of history opens. By this it means that the thesis of the preeminence of the poetical over the rational language implies two introductory premises of a philosophical character. First, there is a need to keep in mind that from Plato on, in the Western world, rational language became preeminent for determining beings and thus reality. Each word, in consequence of its rational definitions, aims at fixing, out of space and time, the meaning of a being. This concept derives from the desperate effort of freeing oneself from relativity, from the subjectivity of what appears through the senses.