2023 IEEE 13th International Conference on Electronics and Information Technologies (ELIT) Electronics and Information Technologies (ELIT), 2023 IEEE 13th International Conference on. :162-166 Sep, 2023
Algawiaz, Danah, Dobbie, Gillian, and Alam, Shafiq
2019 IEEE 14th International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering (ISKE) Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering (ISKE), 2019 IEEE 14th International Conference on. :324-328 Nov, 2019
Ayham Alomari, Ahmad Sami Al-Shamayleh, Norisma Idris, Aznul Qalid Md Sabri, Izzat Alsmadi, and Danah Omary
IEEE Access, Vol 11, Pp 112483-112501 (2023)
Abstractive summarization, novelty, warm-started models, deep learning, metrics, Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering, and TK1-9971
Abstractive summarization is distinguished by using novel phrases that are not found in the source text. However, most previous research ignores this feature in favour of enhancing syntactical similarity with the reference. To improve novelty aspects, we have used multiple warm-started models with varying encoder and decoder checkpoints and vocabulary. These models are then adapted to the paraphrasing task and the sampling decoding strategy to further boost the levels of novelty and quality. In addition, to avoid relying only on the syntactical similarity assessment, two additional abstractive summarization metrics are introduced: 1) NovScore: a new novelty metric that delivers a summary novelty score; and 2) NSSF: a new comprehensive metric that ensembles Novelty, Syntactic, Semantic, and Faithfulness features into a single score to simulate human assessment in providing a reliable evaluation. Finally, we compare our models to the state-of-the-art sequence-to-sequence models using the current and the proposed metrics. As a result, warm-starting, sampling, and paraphrasing improve novelty degrees by 2%, 5%, and 14%, respectively, while maintaining comparable scores on other metrics.
Makhalfih, Asaad, Braik, Amer, Barakat, Danah, and Kahtib, Tamer
2017 14th International Conference on Smart Cities: Improving Quality of Life Using ICT & IoT (HONET-ICT) Smart Cities: Improving Quality of Life Using ICT & IoT (HONET-ICT), 2017 14th International Conference on. :40-44 Oct, 2017
Rasheed Mohammad Nassr, Abdulaziz Aborujilah, Danah Ahmed Aldossary, and Alia Ahmed Abdullah Aldossary
IEEE Access, Vol 8, Pp 186939-186950 (2020)
COVID-19 epidemic, country lockdown, online learning, Malaysia, Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering, and TK1-9971
The COVID-19 pandemic has struck the world and forced countries to go into lockdown including education sector. Students have been staying in hostels or houses, unable to go to university campuses. This situation has left university administrators no choice, but to have an online learning channel. Malaysian universities in particular have gone through many challenges to bring their online learning system up and ready to resume education process. However, students have found themselves caught in this situation (pure online learning) with no plan or readiness. Literature reviews showed that students encountered some challenges that could not be easily resolved. This study explored the challenges encountered by students of a government-linked university. This university is one of the largest in Malaysia with over 10 campuses across the country. This study collected 284 valid answers. The findings show that respondents lacked full readiness in this situation physically, environmentally, and psychologically with some differences in perspectives according to their gender, age, and residing state. Respondents were concerned about the implications of lockdown on their performance. The findings of this study indicate that a sudden switch to a pure online alternative creates considerable challenges to students who have no plans to be physically apart from classes. The findings also indicate that the current blended learning process which uses online learning as a support mechanism for face-to-face learning has faced a considerable challenge to replace it, particularly with unprepared students.
World Wide Web, Convention, business.industry, Microblogging, Computer science, media_common.quotation_subject, Internet privacy, Conversation, Social media, Variety (linguistics), business, Attribution, and media_common
Twitter - a microblogging service that enables users to post messages ("tweets") of up to 140 characters - supports a variety of communicative practices; participants use Twitter to converse with individuals, groups, and the public at large, so when conversations emerge, they are often experienced by broader audiences than just the interlocutors. This paper examines the practice of retweeting as a way by which participants can be "in a conversation." While retweeting has become a convention inside Twitter, participants retweet using different styles and for diverse reasons. We highlight how authorship, attribution, and communicative fidelity are negotiated in diverse ways. Using a series of case studies and empirical data, this paper maps out retweeting as a conversational practice.
Social network, business.industry, Computer science, media_common.quotation_subject, Identity (social science), Context (language use), Representation (arts), Popularity, World Wide Web, Identity Performance, Negotiation, Data visualization, Ethnography, Conversation, business, Social identity theory, and media_common
Profiles have become a common mechanism for presenting ones identity online. With the popularity of online social networking services such as Friendster.com, Profiles have been extended to include explicitly social information such as articulated "Friend" relationships and Testimonials. With such Profiles, users do not just depict themselves, but help shape the representation of others on the system. In this paper, we will discuss how the performance of social identity and relationships shifted the Profile from being a static representation of self to a communicative body in conversation with the other represented bodies. We draw on data gathered through ethnography and reaffirmed through data collection and visualization to analyze the communicative aspects of Profiles within the Friendster service. We focus on the role of Profiles in context creation and interpretation, negotiating unknown audiences, and initiating conversations. Additionally, we explore the shift from conversation to static representation, as active Profiles fossilize into recorded traces.
David H. Nguyen, danah boyd, Jeff Potter, Fernanda B. Viégas, and Judith Donath
World Wide Web, Data visualization, Digital artifact, Social network, Interview, Personal narrative, business.industry, Computer science, business, Electronic mail, and Storytelling
As part of a long-term investigation into visualizing email, we have created two visualizations of email archives. One highlights social networks while the other depicts the temporal rhythms of interactions with individuals. While interviewing users of these systems, it became clear that the applications triggered recall of many personal events. One of the most striking and not entirely expected outcomes was that the visualizations motivated retelling stories from the users' pasts to others. In this paper, we discuss the motivation and design of these projects and analyze their use as catalysts for personal narrative and recall.
Tonne, Danah, Rybicki, Jedrzej, Funk, Stefan E., and Gietz, Peter
2013 21st Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed & Network-Based Processing; 2013, p9-15, 7p
Sustainable management of large amounts of research data is gaining in importance for research projects all over the world. The European project DARIAH aims to address this topic for the arts and humanities community. The DARIAH Bit Preservation, as a part of an archiving system for the arts and humanities, allows for a high performance, sustainable, and distributed storage of research data as basis of virtual research environments. A great challenge in designing such a service is to provide a standardized, consistent yet easy-to-use API for accessing the data that remains stable even if backend technology changes over time. As a solution, this paper presents the RESTful API of the DARIAH Bit Preservation which includes an administrative extension, and which is secured by an Authentication and Authorization Infrastructure (AAI) based on SAML. An exemplary implementation illustrates that the API offers distributed access by usage of the HTTP protocol and is able to handle a high number of files. Data transfer rates of up to 45 MB/s were achieved for uploading large files in the local network. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
2012 20th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed & Network-based Processing; 1/ 1/2012, p198-205, 8p
Digital methods and collaborative research in virtual research environments are gaining in importance for the arts and humanities. The EU-funded project DARIAH aims to enhance and support digitally-enabled research across these disciplines. The most basic but nevertheless fundamental task of DARIAH is to provide sustainable storage for research data. Information contained in data like images, texts or music needs to be secured and to remain accessible even if the original information carrier becomes lost or corrupted. The heterogeneity of the humanistic data and the need for distributed, perform ant access are the main challenges in designing an archiving system for the arts and humanities. Using the "Virtual Scriptorium", a digitisation project in Trier, Germany, this paper exemplary identifies the humanistic researchers' storage needs and derives requirements for an infrastructure. As a solution, a generic architecture for a federated data zone based on the iRODS technologies is proposed. The system implemented in Trier and Karlsruhe is described and will be extended to other locations as the researchers benefit from the initial set-up. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
This publication contains reprint articles for which IEEE does not hold copyright. You may purchase this article from the Ask*IEEE Document Delivery Service at http://www.ieee.org/services/askieee/ [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]