Art Auctions, Classical Music Manuscripts, Hedonic Price Regression, and Economics of Classical Music.
The literature on art auctions has overlooked the market for classical music manuscripts and this paper explores, for the first time, the determinants of “hammer” prices for about 360 classical music manuscripts auctioned at Sotheby’s (London) during the 1998-2009 period. We use hedonic price regressions in order to explain the price of classical music manuscripts by several characteristics. The paper shows that the “trace” of the composer (e.g., whether the manuscript is fully or partly in the hand of the composer or in a scribal hand), the artistic value of the composition, the number of pages, the period (Baroque, Classical, etc.), and of course the name of the composer and the relative scarcity of his manuscripts, are all characteristics that contribute to explain the hammer price of these manuscripts. However, parameter estimates for characteristics such as the type of music (Symphony, Opera, etc.) and whether the manuscript is the complete work or some fragment (say, one movement) are not statistically significant. The paper also estimates a hedonic price index that provides a measure of the average returns and (high) risk of collecting and investing in music manuscripts.
Australian Journal of Music Education, n1 p3-10 2011. 8 pp.
Oral History, Music Education, Music, Music Teachers, Work Ethic, Principals, Higher Education, Interviews, and Singing
This paper explores the notion that particular working relationships within school music programs can have a significant affect on the program's development and progress. To explore this notion the research focussed on the working relationship of a music teacher at Melbourne Methodist Ladies' College (MLC), Ruth Flockart (1891-1985) and the principal Doctor A. Harold Wood (1896-1989). The research included an analysis of personal memorabilia, music manuscripts, newspaper articles, magazines and relics. Also, a range of oral history interviews were completed with family members, friends and former students of Flockart and Wood. The paper discusses the reasons for Flockart and Wood's significant influence upon the MLC music program. A shared religious devotion, a strong work ethic, excellent communication and the provision of mutual support were crucial to their successful working relationship. Significantly, a shared vision of the school music program was also vital. School music programs to this day rely upon the relationship between the school principal and the music teacher, hence the findings of this research can speak to contemporary schools with music programs. The findings may encourage understandings about working relationships in school music programs and lead to better outcomes for music. (Contains 9 footnotes.)
Library of Congress, Washington, DC. MARC Development Office.
Cataloging, Computer Programs, Library Automation, Library Technical Processes, and Magnetic Tapes
One of a series of communications formats for machine-readable cataloging records issued by the Library of Congress is described. It is an implementation of the "American National Standard for Bibliographic Information Interchange on Magnetic Tape," Z39.2-1971, which was adopted by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The ANSI format structure was designed to accommodate records for all kinds of materials used by different groups of users, and this format structure has been used for the MARC formats for books, serials, maps, films, and music developed at the Library of Congress. The MARC manuscript format provides specifications and content designators (tags, indicators, and subfield codes to identify data in a machine record) for manuscript collections and single manuscripts. Since the Library of Congress does not have any immediate plans to distribute records of this kind on magnetic tape, the publication of this format is intended for the use of other institutions involved in creating machine-readable records for manuscripts. Map and music manuscripts can be handled by this format in conjunction with the additional data elements or content designators in the MARC formats. The type of record code in the leader would specify the type of materials. (Author/SJ)