TROJAN War in literature, CORRUPTION, and GREEK history
The article discusses that the ancient Greek history may be militaristic to modern readers. Topics discussed include the history of oral culture and the extant literature; Sophocles' plays inspired by the Trojan War, the Theban cycle, and the Persian encounter; and the corruption of Athenian democracy and society.
American Journal of Philology. Fall2019, Vol. 140 Issue 3, p381-414. 34p.
PELOPONNESIAN War, 431-404 B.C.
This article focuses on the language used to describe the plague, and more specifically on the oscillation of its vocabulary between literal and figurative meaning, in Homer's Iliad (1.1–487), Sophocles' Oedipus the King (1–215), and Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War (esp. 2.47.3–2.54). It is argued that the plague spreads in the language of the three narratives by association or contiguity, exploiting existing links with related words, most notably the broader vocabulary of disease and calamity, but it also spreads by analogy, comparison, or similarity, establishing links with other domains such as famine, blight, war and destruction. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]