Rukopisna ta Knižkova Spadŝina Ukraïni, Iss 22, Pp 260-283 (2018)
music manuscripts, Old Believer, book embellishment, Guslitsy style and writing, attribution of the Old Believer manuscripts, rewriter and miniaturist of the first half of the 19th ct. Mikhail Ivanovich Shitikov., History of Civilization, and CB3-482
The article is devoted to the attribution of a music manuscript (РКК-69) from the collection of Andrey Sheptytsky National Museum in Lviv. Often upon describing the decoration of the Old Believer manuscripts they were identifi ed with the “sea coast” style, which is not completely correct. In various regions of compact dwelling of the Old Believers their own original styles of book decoration were formed. Each of those has its own specifics of script, miniatures and ornamental decoration, which almost have not been described yet. This causes certain diffi culties at the attribution of the Old Believer manuscripts. The investigated manuscript is no exception. The codicological and fi ligree analyses of the manuscript allowed narrowing the ranges of its creation to the fi rst quarter of the 20th ct. The text structure analysis discovered that the studied manuscript was a music book known as the “Holidays” rather than the Irmologion, as it was indicated in the museum description. The art study analysis allowed attributing it as the Old Believer manuscript of the Guslitsy style. Besides, in the fonds of the Russian State Library (Moscow), the State Historical Museum (Moscow) and the State Universal Scientifi c Library of the Krasnoyarsk Krai (Krasnoyarsk) six manuscripts similar in the execution craft, drawing, ornamental arrangement composition, picture coloring and hand to the studied manuscript were discovered. Researchers associate them with one workshop acting in the 20-30s of the 19th ct. and name famous rewriter and miniaturist of the fi rst half of the 19th ct. from Guslitsy Mikhail Ivanovich Shitikov as their creator. Two of those - the Chimes 1835 (the State Historical Museum) and the Octoechos 1838 (the Russian State Library) - have a rewriter’s note, and their decoration is as similar to the investigated manuscript that there is no doubt that it is also M. I. Shitikov’s work. The attributed manuscript is the earliest of his works, it supplements and extends our vision of the prominent rewriter’s activity
professional competence, future music teachers, musical and computer technologies, multimedia tools, and Education
The article deals with theoretical aspects of forming future music teachers’ professional competence by computer technology tools. The concept of professional competence has become a major criterion of preparing students for professional activities. The issue of the article is relevant as the competence approach has become a basis of implementing computer technologies into future music teachers’ training. The authors give a detailed analysis of implementing computer technologies into musical education. The special attention is paid to using a computer in musical education and making electronic pedagogical resources. The aim of the article is to outline the directions of national art research in the process of implementing computer tools that is one of the most efficient ways of updating process of future music teachers’ training. The article reveals theoretical aspects of forming future music teachers’ professional competence by computer technology tools. The authors point out that implementing musical and computer technologies into music art practice is realized in some directions: using a computer as a new musical instrument in composers, sound engineers, and arrangers’ activities; using a computer for studying the quality of music sound, analysing sounds and music compositions, spectral analysis of acoustic characteristics of singers’ voice; studying ancient music manuscripts due to digital technology; developing hardware and software for music education. A distinct direction of research is the pedagogical aspect of using a computer in music education (music and the use of special software for recording and editing music, the use of multimedia to enhance visibility in education, development of e-learning resources, etc.). The authors conclude that implementing computer technologies into future music teachers’ training makes this process more efficient. In the authors’ opinion the widespread introduction of distance learning courses of music-theoretical and music-historical disciplines and creating a cloud-based learning environment for future music teachers’ professional training can be perspective in the upgrading modern art, including music education.