Relaţii Internaţionale Plus, Vol 1, Iss 4, Pp 50-64 (2014)
Rezumat. În articol este analizată concepţia lui Woodrow Wilson despre Constituţia Statelor Unite ale Americii, elaborată în timpul carierei sale academice. Sunt analizate ideile lui despre stat, democraţie, problema liderismului şi separării puterii. Autorul analizează lucrările principale, dedicate „Regimului statal al Statelor Unite ale Americii” şi „Statului: trecutului şi prezentului instituţiilor constituţionale”, în care Wilson compară sistemele: american şi englez, criticând dominarea Congresului în politica SUA la sfârşitul secolului al XIX-lea. În lucrare este analizată influenţa ideilor teoretice asupra activităţii lui Woodrow Wilson în funcţia de preşedinte, îndeosebi în domeniul relaţiilor internaţionale. Abstract. The analysis of Woodrow Wilson‘s views to the Constitution of the United States during his academic career is presented in the article. The author of the article examines Wilson‘s ideas about the State, the Democracy, the Leadership, the system of Separation of Powers and his main scholarly works: «Congressional Government: A study in American Politics» and «The State: Elements of Historical and Practical Politics». In these works was compares the American and British constitutional systems and emphasizing the criticism of the domination of the Congress in the political system of the USA in the end of the XIX century. The study explores the impact of theoretic ideas on Wilson’s activity as president, in the first place in international relations.
Revista de Economie Mondială, Vol 6, Iss 1, Pp 109-117 (2014)
gaze de şist, GNL, diversificare, securitate energetică, geopolitică, Economics as a science, and HB71-74
In an attempt to reduce the influence of Russia as a main energy supplier to Europe, several members of the US Congress have increased pressure on the US government so as to urgently obtain permits to liberalize US exports of natural gas, mainly to Europe. Russia has recently cancelled an important gas price discount, previously granted to Ukraine, in order to exert pressures related to the situation in Crimea. This movement was a new attempt of Russia to exercise its "power" as a big energy exporter, seriously threatened in the future by the growth of US exports of natural gas. While having a certain interest in countering Russian influence in Europe, the US are limited, for the short term, in their ability to strategically deploy their energy exports for geopolitical purposes. Instead, the United States can support projects to diversify energy sources of the neighbouring countries of Russia, including Ukraine, in order to diminish their dependence on energy imports from Russia. While US is the leading provider of security for Europe, Russia has chosen to be the main supplier of energy. Nevertheless, the latter one has used energy, rather frequently, as a "political weapon" in relationship with its neighbours and as psychological pressure instrument on the European Union, in order to limit its price negotiation force.