Orvostorteneti Kozlemenyek [Orvostort Kozl] 2003; Vol. 48 (1-4), pp. 109-15.
History, Ancient, Israel, Bible, Diagnosis, Mental Disorders history, Power (Psychology), and Religion and Medicine
The author investigates the personality of Samson, the Biblical hero, and supposes, that we face in his case some sort of mental illness. He bases his conclusions upon the following facts: (1) Samson's strength is abnormal, which might be as a result of some sort of brain storm or hysteria. (2) Neither the causes, nor the objects of his brain storms could be explained rationally, as his deed look quite irrelevant and ill-proportioned. (3) His victims sometimes are animals, which might cover sadistic inclination. (4) As a result of his abnormal behaviour Samson separates himself from society. Furthermore, at the end of his story he falls into total dementia. The author, however, emphasizes the impressive fact, that in spite of his mental disorders Samson was able to play and important role in the history of his nation - and this fact reflects a quite different attitude towards illness, as compared to those what we hold today.
Orvostorteneti Kozlemenyek [Orvostort Kozl] 2001; Vol. 46 (1-4), pp. 141-7.
History, Ancient, Israel, Bible, Disease, Philosophy, Medical history, and Religion and Medicine
Author - analysing primarily the text of the Holy Script - presents the most important characteristics of the concept of illness in ancient Israel. According to him illnesses were described mostly by their evident symptoms - so identification of the different diseases remains almost impossible. On the other hand illnesses were regarded as punishments of sins against God or against the Law, so the most efficient, or the only advised remedy was the prayer and the repentance. This concept changed only in late Hellenic times, especially in the Book of Sirach (2.c.A.D.).
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Theologia Reformata Transylvanica; Jan2009, Vol. 54 Issue 1, p7-15, 9p
PATRIARCHS (Bible), CANAANITES, and HISTORICAL research
The scientists analyzing the problem of the precise definition of the historical era of the patriarchs have not reached a consent until today. Mainly the arrival of Abraham in Canaan can be dated at the 20-19th century BC. The research and analysis of several archeological findings however gives the possibility to restrict this period of time. The geological research regarding the development of the Dead Sea, works of ancient historians and the informations of the Bible reporting about the lives of the patriarchs help us defining the precise period of the happenings. This study presents the archeological findings, geological, philological and historical research, which makes possible to find the time period of the appearance of Abraham in the Canaanite area, and the settlement of Joseph and Jacob's family in Egypt. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]