Analyse multivariée, Multivariate Analysis, Comportement, Behaviour, Facteur socio-démographique, Socio-demographic factor, Influence sociale, Social Influence, Race, Relation parent-enfant, Parent-Child Relationship, Représentation sociale, Social Image, Réseau social, Social network, Socialisation, Socialization, Sociologie de l'éducation, Sociology of education, Statistiques, Statistics, Sociologie, Sociology, Sociologie de l'éducation. Systemes scolaires. Education Permanente, Sociology of education. Educational systems. Lifelong education, Education, and Éducation
This study compares the impact of the educational aspirations of parents, teachers, close relatives, and peers on students' educational expectations across various racial groups. Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study, the authors found that both the levels of significant others' aspirations and the effects of these aspirations vary by students' racial statuses and types of significant others. First, Asian, Hispanic, and African American parents tend to hold higher educational aspirations for their children than do white parents, but the relative influences of Asian and Hispanic mothers and African American fathers on students' educational expectations are smaller than those of their white counterparts. Second, the aspirations of close relatives have greater effects on African American and Hispanic American students' educational expectations. Third, although teachers and friends vary in their aspirations for students, depending on their race, the effects of these aspirations are similar for all racial groups. The results suggest different processes through which familial significant others and other socializing agents influence the educational attitudes of students across racial groups.