Gupta, R.K., Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Jammu, Chatha, Jammu and Kashmir, India, Gupta, Salil, Department of Horticulture, Jammu, India, Bali, K., Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Jammu, Chatha, Jammu and Kashmir, India, and Srivastava, K., Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Jammu, Chatha, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, Dec 2010, v. 13(4) p. 303-308.
Zygogramma bicolorata, Parthenium hysterophorus, Insulin-like peptides, Protection of plants - General aspects, DIAPAUSE, BIOLOGICAL CONTROL, LUTTE BIOLOGIQUE, DIAPAUSA, and CONTROL BIOLOGICO
Summary(En) 4 tables 3ill., 36 ref. In-depth investigations on diapause behaviour of Z. bicolorata revealed that the adults entered diapause at any time from August to December and that the number peaked (42.00%) during the last half of November. The percentage of adults entering diapause increased with a decrease in day length. Weight of diapausing adults was significantly higher than weight of non-diapausing adults. The percentage of adults undergoing diapause at 30℃ was significantly lower than those undergoing diapause at 15 and 25℃. The percentage of adults burrowing increased with increasing moisture. In silty soil and soil with high organic matter, 46.7% and 49.2% of adults entered diapause, respectively, whereas in sandy soil, only 23.5% of adults entered diapause. When newly emerged beetles were exposed to 5 ㎍ of human insulin 30/70, a significantly lower percentage of treated adults underwent diapause compared to untreated adults under both feeding and no feeding conditions. Insulin treatment also influenced the emergence period from diapause (93.92±1.73 days), percent emergence (81±1.54%) and fecundity/month (512.7±25.38 eggs) of Z. bicolorata in treated adults as compared to untreated adults (109.05±2.2, 74.00±1.82 and 438.3±19.33 eggs, respectively). However, there was no significant impact of insulin on adult longevity. These findings are of great utility in the biological suppression of Parthenium as it will enhance the effectiveness of this beetle through manipulation of diapause.