Maged AM, Kamel AM, Abu-Hamila F, Elkomy RO, Ohida OA, Hassan SM, Fahmy RM, and Ramadan W
Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology [Gynecol Endocrinol] 2019 Nov; Vol. 35 (11), pp. 949-954. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Apr 21.
Adult, Endometrium blood supply, Female, Humans, Predictive Value of Tests, Pregnancy, Ultrasonography, Young Adult, Embryo Transfer, and Endometrium diagnostic imaging
To assess the value of endometrial thickness, volume, and sub-endometrial perfusion in women undergoing IVF. In 82 women candidate for ICSI, endometrial thickness and sub-endometrial perfusion were measured with a trans-vaginal 2 D ultrasound and 3 D power Doppler respectively on day of hCG trigger and Embryo transfer (ET). The primary outcome was the clinical pregnancy rate. Endometrial volume showing a statistically significant difference between pregnant and nonpregnant women (4.11 ± 1.19 vs. 3.4 ± 1.1 p = .019) on day of triggering and at ET (4.02 ± 1.15 vs. 3.45 ± 0.90, p = .022). VFI was significantly higher in pregnant group at both days of triggering and ET (0.54 ± 0.48 vs. 0.33 ± 0.31 and 0.47 ± 0.22 vs. 0.34 ± 0.2, p = .02). At cutoff values of 3.265 and 2.95 cm3 (70 & 80% sensitivity, specificity 64.5 & 51.6%, a positive predictive value 38.9 & 34.8%, and negative predictive value 87.0 & 88.9%) to predict pregnancy on the day of hCG trigger & ET respectively. Cutoff value for Endometrial VFI on the day of ET was 0.674 (sensitivity of 70%, specificity of 80.6%, PPV 53.8%, and NPV 89.3%). Higher endometrial volume and VFI were associated with pregnancy.