China Quarterly. Dec2013, Vol. 216, p831-849. 19p.
SOCIALISM, COUNTIES, LOCAL government, RURAL population, VILLAGES, and CHINA -- Politics & government -- 2002-
Models, pilots and experiments are considered distinctive features of the Chinese policy process. However, empirical studies on local modelling practices are rare. This article analyses the ways in which three rural counties in three different provinces engage in strategies of modelling and piloting to implement the central government's “Building a New Socialist Countryside” (shehuizhuyi xinnongcun jianshe) programme. It explains how county and township governments apply these strategies and to what effect. It also highlights the scope and limitations of local models and pilots as useful mechanisms for spurring national development. The authors plead for a fresh look at local modelling practices, arguing that these can tell us much about the realities of governance in rural China today. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
CULTURAL Revolution, China, 1966-1969, CHINESE history, 1949-1976, CHINA -- Politics & government -- 1949-1976, and SOCIALISM -- China -- History
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LAND tenure -- China, RURAL development, RURAL land use, RURAL landowners, FARMERS, URBANIZATION, SOCIALISM -- China, and RESISTANCE to government
In recent years, the Chinese central state has launched the “new socialist countryside” campaign (NSCC), which authorizes the local state expropriation of rural land from farmers, and then incorporates evicted farmers into township residence and urban citizenship. In affected regions, this campaign enables local state officials to enact practices of bureaucratic absorption that undermine potential resistance by bringing resisters into formal channels of bargaining through both juridical and ideological means. Based on ethnographic data from Sichuan province, this article reveals an in situ process of bureaucratic absorption in “Lan-ding village,” where the incorporation of rural residents into urban citizenship enables the depoliticization of resistance to land expropriation, first by changing the citizenship-based grounds on which legitimate claims to land can be made, then by discursively reframing eviction as a normative shift towards modern wage dependence. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]