Traces victim-focused congressional activity surrounding victims of crime from 1960 to 1992 in the United States. Definition of victimology; Beginning of the federal government's concern with crime and victims; Approval of the Federal Victim and Witness Protection Act; Legislation passed by Congress to aid victims of monetary compensations; Factors that influence legislative responses.
PREVENTION of family violence, SEX crimes -- Prevention, ARCHIVES, CONFERENCES & conventions, DATABASE management, GROUNDED theory, INTERVIEWING, PARTICIPANT observation, RESPONSIBILITY, SEX distribution, SEXISM, THEMATIC analysis, and FIELD notes (Science)
Efforts to involve men as allies in domestic and sexual violence work are expanding, marking a shift for these historically women-led movements. Although this shift is beneficial, it also generates new challenges. From a multi-method qualitative study, this article presents descriptive findings about the internal tensions accompanying the “men as allies” development, namely the gender inequality and male privilege reproduced within movement organizations. I draw on sociological theorizing about men in female-dominated professions to explain the reproduction of gender inequality within movement spaces. I also examine how people are dealing with these tensions by developing a discourse around “men’s accountability.” My findings suggest that, although discourse about accountability has been successfully integrated into the culture of domestic and sexual violence work, there are key challenges that hinder effective accountability practices. I end by offering suggestions for implementing accountability practices at the organizational level. This study contributes important empirical and theoretical insights currently missing from the literature on male allies, which can be used to inform men’s growing involvement in anti-violence work. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
CHILD sexual abuse & psychology, CORRECTIONAL institutions, CULTURE, MEN, MENTAL health services, PRISON psychology, RAPE, LOGISTIC regression analysis, LGBTQ+ people, and PATIENT refusal of treatment
In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Although subsequent research to PREA has shed light on the prevalence and incidence of sexual violence in American prisons, few studies examine inmates' perceptions of rape and safety from rape in prison. Even less is known about how inmates' perceptions of rape influence mental health treatment–seeking behavior during incarceration. Using a sample of incarcerated men, this study adds to the limited body of research by examining the perceived fear of rape and mental health treatment–seeking behavior in two vulnerable prison populations—gay and bisexual inmates and inmates with a history of childhood sexual abuse. Compared with straight inmates, gay and bisexual inmates were approximately two times more likely to perceive that rape was a threat and three times more likely to voluntarily request mental health treatment in prison. Inmates with a history of childhood sexual abuse were over twice as likely to perceive the threat of rape and nearly four times more likely to request mental health treatment than inmates who did not report a history of childhood sexual abuse. Policy, practice implications, and recommendations for future research are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
STATISTICS, MEN'S health, CONFIDENCE intervals, CONFERENCES & conventions, SEX distribution, SEX crimes, QUESTIONNAIRES, DESCRIPTIVE statistics, CHI-squared test, RESEARCH funding, VICTIMS, LOGISTIC regression analysis, DATA analysis, ODDS ratio, and CONTROL (Psychology)
Sexual coercion among adolescent boys in South Africa is an underresearched topic despite the frequency of such events. Although quantitative research has illuminated the prevalence of sexual coercion toward boys, it has provided little understanding of the context of sexual coercion for adolescent boys. Given the often severe consequences of sexual coercion, it is important to further understand these experiences to inform prevention efforts. The current study aims to provide a more nuanced understanding of the context of sexual coercion. Data come from the baseline assessment for a translational research evaluation of a school-based intervention. The current study focuses on a subset of early and middle adolescent boys who reported experiencing sexual coercion (n = 223). Analyses examine boys' reports of their perpetrators' characteristics and details about the sexual coercion encounter. Logistic regression is used to examine how coercion tactics used by the perpetrator differs depending on the perpetrator's age and gender. Eighth-grade boys were most likely to report that their perpetrator was a similar-aged female and that perpetrator's age played a particularly important role in what tactics were used. Adult perpetrators were more likely to use physical force, threaten them, harass them electronically, and drink or use drugs at the time. Results provide important insight into boys' experiences of sexual coercion that have implications for both future research and intervention efforts. Although much research is needed on the topic, intervention programs should recognize that both male and female adolescents can be victim and perpetrator. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]