LEGISLATIVE amendments and COMMUNICATIONS Decency Act, 1996 (United States)
An excerpt from the U.S. Congressional Research Service report "Section 230: An Overview," is presented, which focuses on measures passed by the U.S. Congress to amend the Communications Decency Act, a brief history of the law, and its two provisions that create immunity from suit for social media platforms.
VOTING Rights Act of 1965 (U.S.) and SHELBY County v. Holder
The article discusses the directives of Congress to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights to annually examine the access of voting rights to minorities according to the Voting Rights Act (VRA) of 1965. The 2006 VRA Reauthorization and the Shelby County decision in 2013 led voter registration procedures to adopt changes including requirement of discriminatory forms of documentary proof of citizenship, challenges to voter eligibility, and aggressive types of voter list maintenance.
Journal of Chinese Political Science. Sep2022, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p543-565. 23p.
The Sino-U.S. relations tumbled during the Trump Administration. The talk of decoupling permeated the decision-making circle in Washington D.C. Many factors have contributed to the free fall. The roles Congress has played are undoubtedly one of them. Based on the new institutionalist approach, this study provides three analyses of recent China-related legislative activities. First, the historical analysis of legislative data illustrates a surge in congressional activism on China-related legislative activities. Second, the content analysis reveals some of the triggers in the deterioration of bilateral relations in recent years. Third, the political analysis of the critical congressional players and the structures and procedures Congress created provides some insight into the domestic and political logic of the congressional crusade against China. Finally, the paper ends with assessing the impact of the surge in Congressional activism on the new Biden Administration. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
INTERNET laws, COMPUTER service industry, PRIVILEGES & immunities (Law), and COMMUNICATIONS Decency Act, 1996 (United States)
The article reports that U.S. Congress is reevaluating its attitude about online information for regulating internet platforms. It mentions Communications Decency Act (CDA) new Section 230 of the Communications Act took a different approach which allow users and providers of "interactive computer services" to make their own content moderation decisions. It also mentions Section 230(c) contains two distinct provisions that together create a broad immunity from suit.
SOCIOCULTURAL factors, UNITED States presidential election, 2016, POLITICAL campaigns, and UNITED States politics & government, 2017-2021
Objectives: The political discourse surrounding the 2016 U.S. presidential election highlighted discontent with both Congress and corporations, a reality corroborated in recent scholarship highlighting declines in institutional confidence among U.S. citizens. Here we test theories of institutional confidence to understand the social and cultural determinants of confidence in Congress and corporations prior to the start of the 2016 presidential campaigns. Methods: We draw on data from the Religious Understandings of Science Survey, a nationally representative survey conducted in 2013–2014 (N = 9,416). Results: We find that political ideology largely explained confidence in corporations while social location (particularly racial‐ethnic identity and gender) strongly related to confidence in Congress. Seemingly opposing factors converged to predict trust in both institutions. Conclusions: Institutional confidence is shaped not only by social and cultural factors but also by the symbolic functions of institutions themselves. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
ENVIRONMENTAL policy, UNITED States elections, VOTING, and LEGISLATORS
Do elections affect legislators' voting patterns? We investigate this question in the context of environmental policy in the U.S. Congress. We theorize that since the general public is generally in favor of legislation protecting the environment, legislators have an incentive to favor the public over industry and vote for pro‐environment legislation at election time. The argument is supported by analyses of data on environmental roll call votes for the U.S. Congress from 1970 to 2013 where we estimate the likelihood of casting a pro‐environment vote as a function of the time to an election. While Democrats are generally more likely to cast a pro‐environment vote before an election, this effect is much stronger for Republicans when the legislator won the previous election by a thinner margin. The election effect is maximized for candidates receiving substantial campaign contributions from the (anti‐environment) oil and gas industry. Analysis of Twitter data confirms that Congressmembers make pro‐environmental statements and highlight their roll call voting behavior during the election season. These results show that legislators do strategically adjust their voting behavior to favor the public immediate prior to an election. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Maher, Thomas V., Seguin, Charles, Zhang, Yongjun, and Davis, Andrew P.
PLoS ONE. 3/25/2020, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p1-13. 13p.
SOCIAL scientists, POLITICAL scientists, CIVIL service positions, CONGRESSIONAL hearings (U.S.), and RESEARCH institutes
Congressional hearings are a venue in which social scientists present their views and analyses before lawmakers in the United States, however quantitative data on their representation has been lacking. We present new, publicly available, data on the rates at which anthropologists, economists, political scientists, psychologists, and sociologists appeared before United States congressional hearings from 1946 through 2016. We show that social scientists were present at some 10,347 hearings and testified 15,506 times. Economists testify before the US Congress far more often than other social scientists, and constitute a larger proportion of the social scientists testifying in industry and government positions. We find that social scientists' testimony is increasingly on behalf of think tanks; political scientists, in particular, have gained much more representation through think tanks. Sociology, and psychology's representation before Congress has declined considerably beginning in the 1980s. Anthropologists were the least represented. These findings show that academics are representing a more diverse set of organizations, but economists continue to be far more represented than other disciplines before the US Congress. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Vital Speeches of the Day. Jun2021, Vol. 87 Issue 6, p122-130. 9p.
COVID-19 pandemic, DEMOCRACY, and PUBLIC investments
The article presents a speech delivered by U.S. President Joe Biden at a joint session of the U.S. Congress at U.S. Capitol in Washington D.C. on April 28, 2021. Topics included crisis and opportunity caused by COVID-19 pandemic, revitalization of U.S. democracy, rebuilding strategy for the nation and public investment and infrastructure in the U.S.
UNITED States. Congress. House, AMAZON.COM Inc., APPLE Inc., and GOOGLE Inc.
The article informs about investigation into ‘Big Tech' by Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives reached unambiguous conclusions with the sector's leading companies Amazon, Apple, Google and Facebook. Topics include advancing society toward new frontiers of freedom and prosperity; and the late 19th century, an epoch associated with the corporate corruption and the untrammelled power of big business.
U.S. News & World Report - The Report. 6/3/2022, pC1-C4. 4p. 2 Color Photographs.
DEMOCRATS (United States), VOTER turnout, ELECTIONS, VOTING, CORRUPT practices in elections, SOCIAL science research, and YOUNG adults
The article offers information on the U.S., President Joe Biden who can thank record voter turnout, women, Black and Latino Americans, young people and voters eager to get Donald Trump out of office for the Democratic president's 2020 victory. It discusses that those historical voting patterns are a big reason why Democrats face such daunting challenges this fall as they struggle to hang onto razor-thin majorities in Congress.