Books, Evolution, Higher Education, Historical Interpretation, Historiography, History, Literature Reviews, Methods, Philosophy, Sciences, and Social Influences
Considers Stephen Jay Gould's writings on the nature of history, specifically on the relationship between science and history. Addresses the scientific method, the foundations and procedures of historical explanation in science, history as contingency, and evolution as history. (CMK)
Baseball, Elementary Secondary Education, and Grade Inflation
In "Full House: The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin," Stephen Jay Gould swats at nostalgia over extinction of the .400 batter--due more to game improvements than slumping batters. The better the averages, the harder it is to be a standout. As for grade inflation, today's students are studying harder subjects, and general achievement might be moving upward. (MLH)
Attitudes, Authors, Biographies, College Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, and Public Education
Award-winning science author and Harvard professor Stephen Jay Gould shares some views on education and contemporary American culture. Gould's most enthusiastic school memory is singing in an all-city chorus. Harvard students are bright and motivated but have no shared culture, historical perspective, or foreign language proficiency. Gould favors small classes, a rigorous curriculum, and a common body of knowledge. (MLH)
Factor Analysis, Intelligence Tests, Measurement Techniques, Nature Nurture Controversy, Racial Differences, Test Construction, Test Theory, Test Use, and Testing Problems
It is argued that the statements and accusations made by Stephen Jay Gould about the use of factor analysis are incorrect and unjustified and that tests properly designed for the purpose can adequately measure a "general" or "g" factor of intelligence, particularly in view of the developments in testing since "The Mismeasure of Man" was written. (SLD)
Experimenter Characteristics, Factor Analysis, Heredity, Intelligence, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests, Nature Nurture Controversy, Racial Bias, Research Problems, and Researchers
Critiques ideas expressed by Gould in "The Mismeasure of Man." Agrees with Gould that many scientists who studied human intelligence were racist, but disagrees that their work must therefore necessarily be dismissed. Disputes Gould's claim that factor analysts who study human intelligence have reified their factors and that factor analysis is therefore worthless in the study of intelligence. (BC)
STRUCTURE of Evolutionary Theory, The (Book), GOULD, Stephen Jay, 1941-2002, DARWIN, Charles, 1809-1882, NATURAL selection, EVOLUTION (Biology), and EVOLUTIONARY theories
The article presents information on the book "The Structure of Evolutionary Theory," by Stephen Jay Gould. This book is about Darwinism and theory of evolution. Famous scientist Charles Darwin is often thought to have rescued the history of life from the superstitious fantasies of religion, by basing his theory on good, solid, empirical evidence. But, as Gould and noticed, the empirical evidence does not indicate that evolution proceeds by incremental, incessant natural selection, as Darwin claimed.
FLAMINGO'S Smile, The (Book), GOULD, Stephen Jay, 1941-2002, SCIENCE the humanities, LITERATURE science, ARNOLD, Matthew, 1822-1888, and BOOKS
The article presents information on the book "The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History," by Stephen Jay Gould. The biologist Thomas Henry Huxley and his critic, another Rede Lecturer, Matthew Arnold, had surveyed the same territory nearly a century before. Arnold's 1882 Rede Lecture, "Literature and Science," which defended the virtues of a classical, nonscientific education, was written in reply to "Science and Culture," a paper presented by Huxley the previous year. Paradoxically, by choosing sides, all participants in this debate agree on a first principle: the natural sciences and the humanities are disjunctive.
CONFERENCES conventions, LECTURES lecturing, LABOR movement, WORKING class, GOULD, Stephen Jay, 1941-2002, PENNSYLVANIA, and UNITED States
The article presents information on various events. The conference "U.S. Working Class and the Contemporary Labor Movement," will be held during October 23-25, 1985, at Indiana University of Pennsylvania Indiana, Pennsylvania. In another development, Cooper Union faculty of humanities and social sciences presents a lecture by Stephen J. Gould, distinguished biologist and author of "The Panda's Thumb," and "The Flamingo's Smile," on October 2, 1985, at the Cooper Union Great Hall, 7th Street, 3rd Avenue, New York City.