Pressure groups -- United States, Business & politics -- United States, and Tea Party movement (U.S.)
The article considers why pro-business advocacy group the Business Roundtable has been unable to persuade the U.S. Congress to act on its top policy objectives including tax reform and immigration reform. The author says the Roundtable became disenchanted with U.S. President Barack Obama in 2010, thus alienating it from key Democratic political figures. At the same time the Republican Party was being influenced by the Tea Party movement, which was hostile to certain policies favoring business.
Accounting, Business, and Politicians -- United States
Reports on the increasing interest of politicians in the U.S. in the work of the U.S. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). Congressional involvement in standard setting; House hearing on business combinations; Support for FASB; Action that the Congress might take.
Communications of the ACM. Feb1983, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p164-166. 3p.
Law and Business
The article offers news briefs concerning events in the United States. Late in 1982, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed House Representative 7292, an act establishing a White House conference on Productivity. The U.S. registered a $ 4.9 billion trade surplus over the rest of the world computers and business equipment during the first 9 months of 1982, despite a modest 3 percent increase in exports during the period.
Conferences & conventions, Business, Legislation, Voting, Legislators, Ideology, and Behavior
The theoretical public-choice literature suggests that note trading is an important determinant of congressional voting behavior. Yet empirical voting models do not allow for vote trading. These models recognize that observed ideology may influence legislative behavior but do not correct for unobserved ideology. This study devises new tests for logrolling and ideology. The empirical model controls for logroll agreements and unobserved ideological interest via the correlation of unobserved variables. The results reflect the presence of vote-trading coalitions on some votes but not on others. The results cast doubt on the importance of personal ideological interests of legislators. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The article discusses the plans of the U.S. Congress to overhaul the Postal Service. Although the Postal Service mostly does not receive taxpayer funds for its operations, it is under the Congress' control. The Government Accountability Office has advised that the Postal Service should cut costs like a regular business. While the Postal Service needs to run like a business, it needs to maintain public service.
BusinessWeek. 11/19/2001, Issue 3758, p84-84. 3/5p. 1 Black and White Photograph.
ECONOMIC policy, Taxation, Business, 2001-2009, and Public finance -- United States
Analyses the fiscal-stimulus plan that was passed by the United States House of Representatives. Discussion of individual tax cuts; Implications of providing more business for capital-equipment providers; Effect of the accelerated-depreciation proposal on the net income of companies.
Vital Speeches of the Day. 6/1/79, Vol. 45 Issue 16, p490. 5p.
Business and United States legislators
Presents the text of a speech on the development of programs which will build supportive constituencies among employees, academia, shareholders and the media concerning public issues of importance to business, delivered by former U.S. Senator James B. Pearson on April 17, 1979.
Business, United States elections, United States -- Politics & government -- 1993-2001, and Elections
Reports on the result of the November 7, 2000 government elections in the United States. Discussion of the majority party in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives; How the outcome of the presidential election could effect the balance of power in the Senate; Impact that the elections could have on the business industry in the country.
Business, Tax reform, Industrial equipment leases, and Equipment financing
The article reports on the demand of the Congress leaders and business communities in the U.S. for tax reform. It states that the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association (ELFA) and the Federal Tax Committee keep watching the actions of the U.S. Congress regarding tax reform. The repeal of the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) depreciation in Camp draft is also being discussed.
In a world where the implications and consequences of corporate actions and decisions are potentially far-reaching and lasting, ethical standards – their observance and their breach – must be part of the language of business conduct, whether in the context of corporate transgressions, regulatory effectiveness, terms of engagement between business and their stakeholders, or the metrics used by investors in assessing performance and risk and understanding long-term value.This critically important book proposes a new paradigm for understanding, developing and maintaining standards of corporate governance. Its point of departure is not a position along the diverse paths of traditional corporate governance and regulatory theory, law and practice, nor specific questions of how to institute, implement and observe policies and practices that function as proxies for good governance. Instead, it starts with the idea of framing governance generally, and corporate governance specifically, as a matter of conduct that is guided by a set of fundamental ideals and principles. Evolutions in Corporate Governance attempts to answer the wider question of how to re-imagine a framework within which 'good' corporate governance – that takes account of and is responsible for the social, environmental, ethical as well as legal and economic dimensions of business conduct – is addressed alongside issues of profitability and competition, in the face of forces of globalization and business influence that are testing the limits of what can be accomplished by traditional law and regulation. Dempsey contends that meaningful change in behaviour will only come when there is a corporate governance framework that explicitly encompasses both law and ethics. Unlike the British model, much of what is considered to be regulation of the corporate governance of corporate entities in the United States is effected indirectly through the regulation of securities markets pursuant to federal securities law. This distinction is important in locating the appropriate authority for matters of corporate governance when considering and comparing different jurisdictional practices. It is also critical to understanding the fundamental distinction between corporate governance as constitutive and relatively uncontested, as in the British model, and corporate governance as additive and consequently contested as it is in the United States.The departure from the British model resulted from a constitutional divide between federal and state law that prevented Congress in 1930 from adopting a federal model of incorporation that reflected in full the British Companies Act 1929 despite the desire and intention to do so. The United States Supreme Court confirmed the original legislators’ intention to follow the British model in its judgement in Gustafson v. Alloyd Co. 513 U.S. 561 (1995). Supreme Court Justice Kennedy, regarding the proper basis for interpreting the civil liability provisions of the Securities Act 1933, ss. 11 and 12, stated ‘[F]ar from suggesting an intent [sic] to depart in a dramatic way from the balance struck in the British Companies Act, the legislative history suggests an intent to maintain it’.Instead, Congress proceeded with an accommodation of federal and state constitutional jurisdiction in the form of the 1933 Securities Act that seeks to regulate the governance of companies indirectly by means of direct regulation of the sale of securities. That is, using the federal jurisdiction over the market for the sale and exchange of securities, as a means to attach corporate governance requirements as between offerer and purchaser of shares.
Business, Foreign workers, Visas, and Retirement -- Law & legislation
Reports on business-related issues evolving around the United States Congress as of March 2002. Implication of the Retirement Security Advice Act, sponsored by Representative John Boehner, to entrepreneurs; Effort taken by Representative Thomas Tancredo to push a decline on the H1-B visa cap given to temporary overseas workers.
Industry Week/IW. 11/02/98, Vol. 247 Issue 20, p11. 2p.
Looks at the 105th Congress in the United States in 1998. Reason for the disappointment of the business community to the Congress; How the November 1998 Congressional election will affect the 106th Congress; Comments from Bernadette Budde, senior vice president of the Business-Industry Political Action Committee (BIPAC).
Rhodes, John, Hatfield, Mark, Stans, Maurice, Tower, John, Drinan, Robert, Kennedy, Edward, Fenwick, Milicent, and Crane, Philip
Business & Society Review (00453609). Summer80, Issue 34.
Business, Political action committees, United States legislators, Businesspeople -- Political activity, and Political science
Presents comments from a group of congressmen and national leaders in the United States on whether or not business interests are using their contributions to gain overwhelming influence in Congress. Adequacy of election laws to provide the regulation needed; Consequences of the development of political action committees; Moral issue in political contributions by businessmen. INSETS: Moonlight and Moonshine;Government for the Governing.
Employers, Business, and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
The article reports on the approval by the U.S. House of Representatives of a revised bill that would expand the scope of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), allaying the business community's concerns about a previous version of the bill. Major employer groups had opposed the earlier bill, the ADA Restoration Act, fearing it would make ADA protections too broad. That revision, renamed the ADA Amendments Act, won House approval on a 402-17 vote.
Reports on the major counteroffensive launched by business to Democratic-led efforts in the United States Congress to raise the federal minimum wage. Proposed wage increase; Arguments of the Democrats on the minimum wage; Supporters of the business groups.
Discusses the agenda of the business community for the 107th Congress in the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's ergonomics standards; Patient's Bill of Rights; Fair Labor Standards Act.