In a world where the implications and consequences of corporate actions and decisions are potentially far-reaching and lasting, ethical standards – their observance and their breach – must be part of the language of business conduct, whether in the context of corporate transgressions, regulatory effectiveness, terms of engagement between business and their stakeholders, or the metrics used by investors in assessing performance and risk and understanding long-term value.This critically important book proposes a new paradigm for understanding, developing and maintaining standards of corporate governance. Its point of departure is not a position along the diverse paths of traditional corporate governance and regulatory theory, law and practice, nor specific questions of how to institute, implement and observe policies and practices that function as proxies for good governance. Instead, it starts with the idea of framing governance generally, and corporate governance specifically, as a matter of conduct that is guided by a set of fundamental ideals and principles. Evolutions in Corporate Governance attempts to answer the wider question of how to re-imagine a framework within which 'good' corporate governance – that takes account of and is responsible for the social, environmental, ethical as well as legal and economic dimensions of business conduct – is addressed alongside issues of profitability and competition, in the face of forces of globalization and business influence that are testing the limits of what can be accomplished by traditional law and regulation. Dempsey contends that meaningful change in behaviour will only come when there is a corporate governance framework that explicitly encompasses both law and ethics. Unlike the British model, much of what is considered to be regulation of the corporate governance of corporate entities in the United States is effected indirectly through the regulation of securities markets pursuant to federal securities law. This distinction is important in locating the appropriate authority for matters of corporate governance when considering and comparing different jurisdictional practices. It is also critical to understanding the fundamental distinction between corporate governance as constitutive and relatively uncontested, as in the British model, and corporate governance as additive and consequently contested as it is in the United States.The departure from the British model resulted from a constitutional divide between federal and state law that prevented Congress in 1930 from adopting a federal model of incorporation that reflected in full the British Companies Act 1929 despite the desire and intention to do so. The United States Supreme Court confirmed the original legislators’ intention to follow the British model in its judgement in Gustafson v. Alloyd Co. 513 U.S. 561 (1995). Supreme Court Justice Kennedy, regarding the proper basis for interpreting the civil liability provisions of the Securities Act 1933, ss. 11 and 12, stated ‘[F]ar from suggesting an intent [sic] to depart in a dramatic way from the balance struck in the British Companies Act, the legislative history suggests an intent to maintain it’.Instead, Congress proceeded with an accommodation of federal and state constitutional jurisdiction in the form of the 1933 Securities Act that seeks to regulate the governance of companies indirectly by means of direct regulation of the sale of securities. That is, using the federal jurisdiction over the market for the sale and exchange of securities, as a means to attach corporate governance requirements as between offerer and purchaser of shares.
Publishers & publishing, Bibliometrics, Computer software, Databases, Information services, Motion pictures, World Wide Web, Access to information, Publishers & publishing -- United States, Business, Consolidation & merger of corporations, Jurisprudence, Scholarly method, Science, and Societies
The article offers news briefs in the U.S. as of March 2017. Topics mentioned include the launch of a program for displaced researchers to access databases of ProQuest, addition of BIOSIS Previews and Zoological Record resources to the EBSCOhost platform and in EBSCO Discovery Service, and the appointment of Jane Sánchez as law librarian at the Library of Congress.
Information Today. May2018, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p16-16. 1p.
Archives, Cooperative cataloging -- Data processing, Collection development in libraries, Databases, Electronic books, Library automation, Literature, Motion pictures, Pocket computers, School libraries, Electronic publications, Public libraries -- United States, Business, and Feminism
The article offers technology industry news briefs as of May 2018. The Library of Congress (LC) announces the online availability of the papers of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton that include their correspondence, speeches, and materials from the Seneca Falls Convention in New York. Gale Small Business Builder comprehensive tool is offering integrated access to its business and legal resources. Solutions provider bibliotheca debuted its open library solution in North America.
Summarizes the contents of proceedings and reports of several important U.S. Senate committees that before and during World War II investigated American and other Western corporate ties with German business. Maintains that these committee findings constitute important resources for Holocaust reference. Argues that careful analysis of these committee findings by researchers may help determine the degree of U.S. and Western responsibility for the Holocaust.
Information Today. Jan/Feb2016, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p1-25. 3p. 1 Color Photograph, 1 Map.
Business, International business enterprises, Interprofessional relations, Ocean, and Economic competition
The article discusses the provisions in the final text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) released by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) in 2015. Topics include a trade agreement for the reduction of U.S. goods costs and promotion of electronic (e) commerce among 12 member-countries including the U.S., Japan and Chile. Also cited are tariff commitments of 12 partners in Annex 2-D, copyright provisions based on U.S. law and TPP ratification into law by the U.S. Congress.
BUSINESS, INTERNET, MARKETING, CONGRESSES & conventions, WEB search engines, WEB sites, and INTERNET industry -- Congresses
Relates that ubiquity - ``everywhere-ness'' - dominated the Spring Internet World Conference held in Los Angeles, and that the Web will not just be in computers anymore, but in watches, TVs, and appliances. Reports that Danny Sullivan of SearchEngineWatch gave his usual excellent presentation on Web search engines, stressing that keyword selection is very important in order to rank highly in searches. Observes that the entire program focus had changed from the domain of technologists and computer gurus to the world of business and marketing, although some programs still emphasized the technology and how people use it. Says that the exhibit hall also demonstrated the shift from a technology focus to a business paradigm, with collaborative environments, e-commerce, interoperability, and customer care appearing more than FTP packages and individual productivity tools.
Information Today. Dec2004, Vol. 21 Issue 11, p35-35. 1/3p. 1 Color Photograph.
Chief executive officers and Business
This article profiles Robert Granader, CEO of MarketResearch.com (MRDC). As founder and CEO of MRDC, Granader has helped make this dot-com startup an established tool for business information users around the world. With more than a third of its business outside the U.S., in 2004 MRDC has opened offices in London, England and Melbourne, Australia, with another set to open in December 2004. This is all part of a three-pronged strategy that has given MRDC tremendous revenue lift over the past year: be the best research partner for our customer, make the service as widely available as possible, and compete on price. Being the best research partner means being a research associate for our customer, not a salesperson, according to Granader. The customers of MRDC continue to use the service, not just because it has the best research providers and the best selection of top reports, but also because customers can count on MRDC to help them buy the research that is right for them. Being widely available means working with search engines, so that MRDC reports can be found when they are needed. It also means partnering with key industry leaders, from Factiva to Amazon to Alacra, making sure users can find the research regardless of their preferred platform. Competing on price is something else MRDC is proud of, according to Granader. By being the largest aggregator, publishers are willing to give MRDC discounting flexibility that eases the burden on tightening research budgets. Granader began his career in the halls of Congress as a reporter covering Capitol Hill and the White House. As a journalist for a number of print news outlets from 1994 to 1998, he reported for newspapers ranging from Florida to Wisconsin. Granader received a B.A. in English from the University of Michigan. He is a member of the Washington, D.C., and Maryland bar associations.
Computer network resources, Sub-Saharan Africa -- Economic conditions, International business enterprises, Business, and Investments
Increasingly, the global business community is viewing Sub-Saharan Africa as a continent of rich business, trade, and investment opportunities. A major challenge to political and business leaders is access to accurate and time-critical information on business, economic, political, and social developments in the Sub-Saharan African countries. This resource guide will provide an organized collection of major African business and economic information resources available via the Internet. Additionally, it includes an appended selection of information sources available in print format. The information originates from multiple Internet-based sources, including African commercial and government agencies, U.S. commercial and government agencies, and international organizations engaging in economic, business, and trade issues in the Sub-Saharan African countries. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]