Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), World War, 1939-1945 -- Diplomatic history, and Jews -- History -- United States -- 1939-1945
Documents the failure of the American Jewish community, especially influential groups like the American Jewish Congress and leaders like Rabbi Stephen Wise, to exert political pressure on the White House to bomb Auschwitz or otherwise force the Nazis to halt the genocide of the Jews. There were those who, from the fall of 1942, did urge American action, and who were not worried about arousing antisemitism in America or insecure about their own positions, but they were marginal - new immigrants like A. Leon Kubowitzki and Revisionist Zionists, like the Bergson group. However, the more Americanized leaders, with stature and clout, were reluctant to take a stand that might have changed American policy. Thus, President Roosevelt could let the War Department have its way in rejecting requests to bomb the death camps or the railways leading to them.
Jews -- History -- United States -- 1939-1945, Jewish refugees -- United States, and Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
In the USA. Examines American organized labor's responses in the years 1933-47 to Germany's persecution and destruction of European Jewry - the AFL (American Federation of Labor) and its member union ILGWU (International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union), and the CIO (Congress of Industrial Organizations) and its member union UAW (United Auto Workers). During 1933-42, the main sanction of the AFL and the CIO against Nazism was the boycott of all German goods. Although adopted in the interests of humanitarianism, it carried an element of self-interest - protection of local goods in a depression economy. Regarding rescue of Nazi victims, both groups were unambiguous - they wanted no increase in immigrants who might compete with American labor. The years 1943-45 saw a policy of condemnations, demonstrations, and lobbying. Although the postwar period saw union support for establishment of a national homeland for the Jews, fear of refugees swamping local labor and traditional antisemitism played a role in that support.
Alexander, Edward, Genizi, Haim, Lipstadt, Deborah E., and Littell, Franklin H.
World Congress of Jewish Studies. Holocaust Research (1977)
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Germany, Jews -- History -- United States -- 1939-1945, Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Influence -- United States, Jews -- United States -- Periodicals, Church history -- 20th century, Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), Jewish refugees -- United States, and New York times