Boyd, Danah, Hargittai, Eszter, Schultz, Jason, and Palfrey, John
First Monday; Nov2011, Vol. 16 Issue 11, Special section p1-22, 22p
ONLINE social networks, INTERNET & children, PRIVACY, and RIGHT of privacy
Facebook, like many communication services and social media sites, uses its Terms of Service (ToS) to forbid children under the age of 13 from creating an account. Such prohibitions are not uncommon in response to the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), which seeks to empower parents by requiring commercial Web site operators to obtain parental consent before collecting data from children under 13. Given economic costs, social concerns, and technical issues, most general-purpose sites opt to restrict underage access through their ToS. Yet in spite of such restrictions, research suggests that millions of underage users circumvent this rule and sign up for accounts on Facebook. Given strong evidence of parental concern about children's online activity, this raises questions of whether or not parents understand ToS restrictions for children, how they view children's practices of circumventing age restrictions, and how they feel about children's access being regulated. In this paper, we provide survey data that show that many parents know that their underage children are on Facebook in violation of the site's restrictions and that they are often complicit in helping their children join the site. Our data suggest that, by creating a context in which companies choose to restrict access to children, COPPA inadvertently undermines parents' ability to make choices and protect their children's data. Our data have significant implications for policy-makers, particularly in light of ongoing discussions surrounding COPPA and other age-based privacy laws. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
COMPUTER privacy, PRIVACY, COMPUTER network resources, INTERNET usage monitoring, INTERNET security, and SECURITY systems
In this article, the author presents her views on issues related to online privacy and control of computers on personal data and information. She mentions that privacy is becoming day by day networked as people shares their photographs and other things on internet without even asking for permission. She also mentions that privacy cannot be achieved by control over data but it can be achieved by focusing on internet usage and interpretation.
PRIVACY, YOUNG adults, GENDER differences (Psychology), and ONLINE social networks research
With over 500 million users, the decisions that Facebook makes about its privacy settings have the potential to influence many people. While its changes in this domain have often prompted privacy advocates and news media to critique the company, Facebook has continued to attract more users to its service. This raises a question about whether or not Facebook’s changes in privacy approaches matter and, if so, to whom. This paper examines the attitudes and practices of a cohort of 18- and 19-year-olds surveyed in 2009 and again in 2010 about Facebook’s privacy settings. Our results challenge widespread assumptions that youth do not care about and are not engaged with navigating privacy. We find that, while not universal, modifications to privacy settings have increased during a year in which Facebook’s approach to privacy was hotly contested. We also find that both frequency and type of Facebook use as well as Internet skill are correlated with making modifications to privacy settings. In contrast, we observe few gender differences in how young adults approach their Facebook privacy settings, which is notable given that gender differences exist in so many other domains online. We discuss the possible reasons for our findings and their implications. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]