MACHINE tools, SUSTAINABILITY, ENERGY consumption, ENERGY harvesting, ELECTRICITY, and INDUSTRY 4.0
Eine moderne Werkzeugmaschine zeichnet sich nicht nur durch Produktivität und Effizienz aus. Betreiber achten zunehmend auch auf Flexibilität und Nachhaltigkeit. Hier helfen die Werkzeuge der Digitalisierung den Maschinenbauern. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Der Nervenarzt. Jul2014, Vol. 85 Issue 7, p872-886. 15p.
ELECTRICITY, HISTORY of psychiatry, NINETEENTH century, and PSYCHIATRIC research
Parallel to the recent reneurobiologization of psychiatry as a subject, therapies based on electricity and elektrcomagnetism are returning to mental health care. Around 1880, the application of brain stimulating treatment on patients was particularly popular among German psychiatrists. This fact has largely been ignored in historical psychiatric research as present day practices, in particular deep brain stimulation (DBS), have frequently been seen solely within the tradition of brain surgery. Against this background the present study aims to revive the first trials of non-surgical electrical brain stimulation on depressive and psychotic patients, highlighting a 2-part study published by Wilhelm Tigges. It was Tigges along with Rudolph Gottfried Arndt and Wilhelm Erb who tried to establish clear rules on the most beneficial application methods and doses. Interestingly, Tigges's therapy was successful in cases of severe depression with chronification potential, i.e. precisely the clinical picture for which brain stimulation therapies are reserved today as a last option and ascribed an easing and even curing potential. Trigges also found that electricity produced almost no positive effect whatsoever with madly insane patients and hence anticipated the current non-application of DBS on these patients. After 1890 electrotherapeutic approaches in psychiatry were marginalized, first and foremost as no clear and reliable rules could be verified for their application, nor could their mode of action be fully explained. The success of electrotherapy in psychiatry was also restricted due to limitations of the time, namely (1) electrophysiology only emerging as a discipline, (2) the electrophysical medical apparatus industry only beginning to be established and (3) the lack of generally accepted guidelines and electrotherapy restriction to individual, barely generalizable experience (eclecticism). Present day applications of electricity, mainly DBS, have overcome these problems. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
H-Net Reviews in the Humanities & Social Sciences. Jul2013, p1-4. 4p.
HISTORY of technology, ELECTRICITY, TREATMENT of deafness, ELECTRIC guitar, FILMMAKING -- Study & teaching, INSTRUCTIONAL films, NINETEENTH century, PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY, THERAPEUTICS, and CONFERENCES & conventions
The article reports on a conference on the history of technology, held in Dresden, Germany, from May 10-12, 2013. Topics of discussion included attempts to utilize electricity in the treatment of deaf-muteness in the 19th century, psychological aspects of electric guitars, and the instructional film about film-making "Die ideale Filmerzeugung."
H-Net Reviews in the Humanities & Social Sciences. Jan2010, p1-5. 5p.
CONFERENCES & conventions, ELECTRIC power distribution, ELECTRICITY, and DEVELOPED countries
The article presents information about a energy studies conference held in Jena, Germany on September 17-19, 2009. Topics under discussion at the conference included the language used to discuss energy matters in society, problems associated with the production and distribution of electricity, and the transition from industrial society to post-industrial society. Presentations were given by international historians Dirk Schaal, Dirk van Laak, and Rüdiger Graf.