Andris C, Lee D, Hamilton MJ, Martino M, Gunning CE, and Selden JA
PloS one [PLoS One] 2015 Apr 21; Vol. 10 (4), pp. e0123507. Date of Electronic Publication: 2015 Apr 21 (Print Publication: 2015).
Humans, Politics, Public Opinion, United States, Cooperative Behavior, and Federal Government
It is widely reported that partisanship in the United States Congress is at an historic high. Given that individuals are persuaded to follow party lines while having the opportunity and incentives to collaborate with members of the opposite party, our goal is to measure the extent to which legislators tend to form ideological relationships with members of the opposite party. We quantify the level of cooperation, or lack thereof, between Democrat and Republican Party members in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1949-2012. We define a network of over 5 million pairs of representatives, and compare the mutual agreement rates on legislative decisions between two distinct types of pairs: those from the same party and those formed of members from different parties. We find that despite short-term fluctuations, partisanship or non-cooperation in the U.S. Congress has been increasing exponentially for over 60 years with no sign of abating or reversing. Yet, a group of representatives continue to cooperate across party lines despite growing partisanship.
JAMA [JAMA] 2019 Apr 16; Vol. 321 (15), pp. 1443-1445.
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 history, Drug Industry legislation jurisprudence, Female, History, 20th Century, History, 21st Century, Humans, Insurance, Health, Pediatrics history, Physicians, Women history, United States, Federal Government, Health Policy legislation jurisprudence, Pediatricians, and Politics
American Medical Association history, History, 20th Century, State Government, United States, United States Public Health Service history, Federal Government history, Physician's Role history, and Physicians history
Nature [Nature] 2019 Jan; Vol. 565 (7738), pp. 141-142.
Animals, Congresses as Topic organization administration, Expeditions economics, National Institutes of Health (U.S.) economics, Research economics, Research organization administration, Salaries and Fringe Benefits economics, Unemployment psychology, United States, United States Environmental Protection Agency legislation jurisprudence, United States Food and Drug Administration legislation jurisprudence, United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration legislation jurisprudence, Budgets legislation jurisprudence, Federal Government, Politics, Research legislation jurisprudence, Research Personnel economics, Research Personnel psychology, and Stress, Psychological
Nature [Nature] 2014 Mar 20; Vol. 507 (7492), pp. 285.
Budgets, Science economics, Social Sciences economics, United States, United States Government Agencies economics, United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration economics, United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration organization administration, Universities organization administration, Federal Government, Science organization administration, and United States Government Agencies organization administration
Nature [Nature] 2017 Oct 10; Vol. 550 (7675), pp. 158.
Germany, Paris, Temperature, United Nations, United States, Congresses as Topic, Environmental Policy legislation jurisprudence, Federal Government, Global Warming legislation jurisprudence, and Global Warming prevention control
Journal of the National Cancer Institute [J Natl Cancer Inst] 2007 Jan 17; Vol. 99 (2), pp. 104-7.
Antineoplastic Agents economics, Drug Approval economics, Drugs, Investigational economics, Humans, Neoplasms drug therapy, Neoplasms economics, Product Surveillance, Postmarketing trends, Public Policy, United States, Antineoplastic Agents adverse effects, Drugs, Investigational adverse effects, Federal Government, National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, U.S., Health and Medicine Division, Research Support as Topic, and United States Food and Drug Administration
Aged, History, 19th Century, History, 20th Century, Humans, Male, United States, Famous Persons, Federal Government history, Politics, Stroke history, Stroke physiopathology, and Stroke psychology
World War I catapulted the United States from traditional isolationism to international involvement in a major European conflict. Woodrow Wilson envisaged a permanent American imprint on democracy in world affairs through participation in the League of Nations. Amid these defining events, Wilson suffered a major ischemic stroke on October 2, 1919, which left him incapacitated. What was probably his fourth and most devastating stroke was diagnosed and treated by his friend and personal physician, Admiral Cary Grayson. Grayson, who had tremendous personal and professional loyalty to Wilson, kept the severity of the stroke hidden from Congress, the American people, and even the president himself. During a cabinet briefing, Grayson formally refused to sign a document of disability and was reluctant to address the subject of presidential succession. Wilson was essentially incapacitated and hemiplegic, yet he remained an active president and all messages were relayed directly through his wife, Edith. Patient-physician confidentiality superseded national security amid the backdrop of friendship and political power on the eve of a pivotal juncture in the history of American foreign policy. It was in part because of the absence of Woodrow Wilson's vocal and unwavering support that the United States did not join the League of Nations and distanced itself from the international stage. The League of Nations would later prove powerless without American support and was unable to thwart the rise and advance of Adolf Hitler. Only after World War II did the United States assume its global leadership role and realize Wilson's visionary, yet contentious, groundwork for a Pax Americana. The authors describe Woodrow Wilson's stroke, the historical implications of his health decline, and its impact on United States foreign policy.
Nature [Nature] 2017 Feb 07; Vol. 542 (7640), pp. 137.
Congresses as Topic organization administration, Lobbying, Uncertainty, United States, User-Computer Interface, Dissent and Disputes, Emigration and Immigration legislation jurisprudence, Federal Government, Islam, and Research Personnel legislation jurisprudence
Modern healthcare [Mod Healthc] 2014 Nov 17; Vol. 44 (46), pp. 12.
Health Policy, Humans, Public Policy, United States, Emigration and Immigration legislation jurisprudence, Federal Government, Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola economics, International Cooperation legislation jurisprudence, and Medicaid legislation jurisprudence
Pediatrics [Pediatrics] 2013 Jan; Vol. 131 (1), pp. 109-19. Date of Electronic Publication: 2012 Dec 31.
Adolescent, Child, Child Welfare trends, Health Policy economics, Health Policy trends, Humans, Pediatrics standards, Pediatrics trends, Societies, Medical standards, Societies, Medical trends, United States, Child Welfare economics, Federal Government, Pediatrics economics, Practice Guidelines as Topic standards, and Societies, Medical economics
The 113th Congress of the United States begins in January 2013. With each new Congress, there are many changes, not only in the faces of the newly elected, but also in the membership of committees and the staff serving the members. As agendas for the session are set, there is a resurgence of conflicting priorities. In the past, when these conflicts were resolved, children were rarely at the top of the list. Given the numerous pressing national issues, both domestic and foreign, the same trend will likely occur.