Rhetoric, Social justice, Debates & debating, African American singers, McCarthyism, Race identity, and National security
In the mid 1950s, the House Committee on Un-American Activities was a rhetorical colossus. Within the closed doors of a hearing, committee members displayed a rhetorical mastery of procedural, topical, and logical moves that left even the best-prepared witnesses sputtering. HUAC used institutional narrative authority as a major rhetorical resource. This strategy rhetorically produced a narrative "reality" conducive to achieving institutional goals. Having established the "official" version of events, the committee situated further argumentation within a value hierarchy that placed national security above "secondary" values that witnesses attempted to invoke in their defenses. A notable exception to the committee's rhetorical dominance came in the 1956 testimony of Paul Robeson, an African American singer and activist who had been called before the committee to answer for pro-Soviet statements he made while traveling abroad. Using a number of rhetorical tactics to disrupt the institutional narrative, Robeson was able to recontextualize his comments within an interpretive framework of racial justice in America – a debate the committee was less prepared to handle. This article contributes to ongoing studies of institutional rhetoric, especially rhetorical argumentation that takes place within institutional settings. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Presents information on reports of the debates of the House of Representatives during the First Congress of the U.S. which were published from 1789 to 1791. Details of the compilation of the 'Annals of Congress,' by Gales and Seaton; Information on the published volumes of 'Congressional Register,' by Thomas Lloyd; Factors attributed to why Lloyd was forced to discontinue the publication of the 'Congressional Register.'
Debates & debating and Conference proceedings (Publications)
Analyses reports of proceedings and debates of the U.S. Congress and Great Britain's House of Commons. Reasons for the failure of the Congress to provide authentic reporting prior to March 3, 1873; Journal of proceedings kept by the House of Lords and House of Commons in 1509 and 1547 respectively; Access allowed to reporters inside the House of Representatives from April 8, 1789.
Debates & debating, Rhetoric, Political science, Jurisdiction, and Women's suffrage
Through its analysis of the rhetorical means by which the US Congress overcame jurisdictional objections to federal action on the issue of woman suffrage, this essay argues that the stasis of jurisdiction operates as a mode of assemblage of discourses, institutions, and populations. In Congress, the woman suffrage issue helped re-organize federal and state prerogatives over the management of racial and ethnic relations at home and US leadership abroad. Thus, from a governmental perspective women did not emerge as constituents but as tools of public policy. As a legislative precedent, the 19th Amendment debates prompt critical attention to the particular constraints that the discourses of state institutions pose for feminist political change. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Analyzes the issue of accuracy in reporting of texts of speeches spoken upon the floor of the U.S. Congress, in the periodical 'Congressional Record'. Steps to explore the accuracy in reporting the text of the speeches; Factors operating for the accuracy and inaccuracy in reporting of speeches.
Discusses methods used by the U.S. Congress members to measure the response of constituents. Measurement of the public opinion by means of letters and other mail materials; Information provided by public opinion polls; Importance of editorials and articles published in newspapers and magazines for the Congressmen.
Discusses the triumph of strategy in the United States Senate debate over the League of Nations in 1919. General categories of strategy used in the Senate debate; Strategy used by advocates of the League proposition in the actual debate on the Senate floor; Examples of the forms of strategy employed by anti-League speakers.
Debates & debating and Forums (Discussion & debate)
Presents a case study that attempts to provide information on the subject of senate debate in the U.S. Description of the functions of senate debate; Analysis of the speaking techniques used in contemporary senate debate; Evaluation of the effectiveness of senate debate.
Analyzes the debate on the resolution of adherence to the World Court conducted by the U.S. Senate in January 1936. Arguments presented in the debate; Description of the quality of speeches delivered by the senators; Strategies used in the debate.
Details documents of public and private correspondences of former U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, prevalently known as the Roosevelt papers. Foundation of a library with efforts from the U.S. Congress that shows evidence of Roosevelt's papers; Description of a wide array of documents inscribed by Roosevelt; Utility of these documents for students in the U.S.
Discusses issues concerning speech and public speaking in the U.S. Oratories and debate in the U.S. Congress; Overview of an address given by dramatist George Bernard Shaw concerning political science.
Presents a speech by assistant professor of speech at the University of Washington in Washington Robert M. Post on Irish defense against English by member of parliament Charles Stewart Parnell during nineteenth century. Reference to some of the significant public speeches of Parnell; Purpose of Parnell's speech before the U.S. Congress; Major ideas of Parnell' speech before the U.S. Congress.
Digital media, Balance of power, United States -- Politics & government, and United States presidential elections
Discusses the shift in the balance of power from Congress to the President in the U.S. Factors that contributed to the shift in power; Details on the development of the electronic media; Importance of communicating with the citizenry through the press; Role of the media in the presidential election.
Speeches, addresses, etc., Rhetoric, and United States -- Economic policy -- 1981-1993
Illustrates how United States president Ronald Reagan's April 28, 1981, economic-policy speech before the U.S. Congress can be interpreted as an exemplar of 'political faith healing.' Response of Congress to Reagan's economic prescription; Argumentative stance of faith healing; Importance of the strategic avoidance of responsibility during the rhetorical process in determining whether political faith healing will succeed.
Provides information on National Archives in the U.S. established by an act of Congress and approved on June 19, 1934. Primary objective of National Archives; Collection of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's speeches in National Archives; Other public addresses stored in National Archives.
Legislative bills and Slavery in the United States
Focuses on 'Appeal of the Independent Democrats in Congress, to the People of the United States,' written by Salmon P. Chase in response to the legislative challenge of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill initiated in 1854. Need for organizing against slave power threat; Depiction of the U.S. crisis in the opening sentence of the document; Emphasis on prohibiting the spread of slavery in the U.S.
Litterateurs, Orators -- United States, and United States legislators
Presents an account of the career of American Senator John Quincy Adams as speaker and rhetorician. Factors which caused a significant public interest in his commencement oration during his graduation; Highlights of his career after 1831 when Quincy was elected to U.S. Congress; Relationship between Quincy's oral style and the rhetoric theory propounded by him.